Pilot training is intense, especially for those who participate in the military, which is why there are so many ranks. Military pilots are officers, which is the highest rank. The second highest is a warrant officer, with a non-commander officer third. All military officers have a four-year college degree, except for army pilots, who can obtain a license by becoming warrant officers. Despite how much education is required to become a pilot, the rate of crashes is surprisingly high, which is why this case study is studying the effects of technology. A study of the Naval Aviation Training and Operations Procedures Standardization (NATOPS) shows the history of accident rates within the military.