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How can Palo Alto Senior High school work to address gap in diversity within laned and unlaned classes?

Jessica W.

What Is The Availability Of Mental Health Education And Supports For Middle Schoolers?

Anna T.

Individual Queer Identity and Repression (Stage Play)

Vincent S.

The Disproportionate Effects of Climate Change on BIPOC and Low-Income Communities

Rowan E.

What Events Cause Changes in Partisanship in the US Congress?

Nora D.

How Silicon Valley Companies Can Provide More Job Opportunities to Local Residents

Jenna O.

The Effects of Priming on Object Localization in the Visual Field

Edmund L.

Web Development and Maintenance in Small Businesses

Hannah Z.

Improved Inclusion Between Students in General Education and Students Receiving Special Education Services at Palo Alto High School

Rachel L.

Portrayal of Characters in TV with Invisible Disabilities and the Effect of These Performances on Neurologically Atypical Viewers

Patille P.

How can a program be written to develop a percentage value for a stop loss on any security that minimizes loss (or maximizes profit), based on analysis of that security’s historical price?

Ayush G. & Robbie S.

Infrared Sensors on Self-Driving Cars

Kevin B.

Using Virtual Reality to Foster Empathy

Anshika A.

How has the involvement of Asian-Americans in the film industry evolved?

Callia T.

Addressing Solutions to Mitigate Healthcare Turnover Rates

Clarissa L.

How did the Federal Reserve affect the U.S. economy during the Great Depression and 2008 recession?

Minki K.

Educating Teens to Provide Support for Underaged Sexual Abuse Victims

Allegra T., Katie H., and Justin S.

Identifying the Impact of Globalization of Western Fashion Media on Eating Disorders in Japan

Samhita J.

Therapist Perceptions on LGBTQ IPV and Adherence to Treatment Guidelines

Jack P.

Stereotype Threat and Self-Affirmation in PAUSD

Kobi J.

Voter Turnout Among Young Adults in Palo Alto

Zoe S.

Black Abalone Restoration

Alana F.

Preventing Pedestrian-Involved Automobile Accidents Using Inexpensive Portable Warning Systems (PWS) Leveraging Technology Advancements in Sensors and Machine Learning Software

Akul D.

How Has Lack of Access to PPE Affected the Health of Farm Workers in California as a Result of COVID-19 and the Recent Wildfires?

Grace L.

Unattainable Standards: How Fashion and Body Type Trends Create an Unrealistic Idea of Beauty

Erin V.

Repurposing Plastic Waste on Beaches

Lucas B. and Blake S.

Reasons for and Impacts of Schools Cutting Their Arts Programs

Alberto S.

How Social Media Affects Gender Equality

Riya S.

Why does Palo Alto’s African American Population Stand at Just 1.6%, and What are the Problems in the City’s Methods to Address this Disparity?

Will T

How Does Differing Access to Postpartum Care Between Black and White Mothers in California Impact Maternal Mortality Disparities?

Dominique L.

How can a decision tree help guide patients through consideration for the different walking devices available to them?

Lydia T. & Amy W.

Relative Health of Native vs. Foreign Trees in Palo Alto

Jackson C.

How Destructive Female Friendships Relate to Competition Between Women for Relationships and Professional Success

Sydney M.

What are teen pregnancy risk factors?

Tiaira W.

Policy and the Movement of Undocumented Immigrants: A Look at the Correlation between State Policy and Undocumented Immigrant Populations in the United States over the Past 10 Years

Ben S. & Vyomika G.

Mitigation of Modern Slavery in Santa Clara County

Justin S.

Relationships Between NASA Budget Cuts and the Output of Spinoff Biomedical Engineering Projects, and How These Innovations Have Impacted the Medical World

Gemma S.

What are the differences between the various types of abuse (i.e. physical, emotional, sexual, etc) and what kinds of impact can child abuse have on people later in their life?

Maya T. H. & Ashley Z.

Air Pollution in Palo Alto vs East Palo Alto

Alexandra L.

The Gender Gap in Autism Research

Siena AB.

Can women living with HIV successfully carry a HIV negative baby to term? What variables affect the outcome?

Emma M. & Asa K.

Analyzing Different Prime Factorization Algorithms

Andrew C.

Comparing Impacts of Deforestation Caused by Agribusiness, Logging Industries, and Oil Production on the Biodiversity Index of Vulnerable Ecosystems (Protected vs. Unprotected)

Reed S.

Causes, Effects, and Solutions to Groundwater Depletion in California

Tanvi R.

How a Photovoltaic (PV) System is Planned and Funded, and the Impact of PV on the Local Community

Juan A.

Identifying Effective Sensor and Algorithm Pairs for Obstacle Avoidance in Self-Driving Cars

Kevin B.

How Can America's Foster Care System be Improved in Order to Ensure the Safety of Children Under the Age of 18?

Isa M.

Perceptions of Undocumented Immigrants from Latin America by Bay Area Residents

Cade R.

The Effectiveness of the Tinsley Program and its Effect on the Racial Achievement Gap Within PAUSD

Talia S.

What are effective solutions for air particle pollution in underdeveloped countries?

Claire Q.

Differences Between an Underground Artist and a Mainstream Artist

Exodus T.

How Different Types of Unstable Housing Situations Lead to Distinct Health Outcomes Among HIV/AIDS Patients who Experience Housing Insecurity

Alexandra S.

Water Bottling in Arrowhead Springs

K.C. F.

How would inserting transition metals into 2 dimensional materials such as graphene, silicene and boron nitride affect its catalytic properties?

Tian C.

Testing Graph Theory's Usefulness in Creating New Materials with Expected Properties through Computational Experiments Through Quantum Espresso Computer Simulations

Frederick N.

Graph Theory Study of Metal Doped Graphene Edge State

Tian C.

How has autism research developed in recent years?

Reza N.

Analyzing Former NBA Trades to Predict Upcoming Trades

Mihir G.

How Does the Justice System Disproportionately Affect Prisoners with Mental Health Issues in How They are Treated by Correctional Officers Along with the Resources They Have in Southern Prisons?

Erin F.

Extrachromosomal DNA in Biofluids: A Biomarker of Cancer?

Yuhui W.

Effectiveness and Availability of Equine-Assisted Psychotherapy for People with Mental Challenges in the Bay Area

Emma V.

What Effect Would a Ban on Gas Cars Have on the Economy and Working Class Americans?

Edwin E.

Representation of Indigenous Peoples in K–Social Studies Curricula

Thomas L.

Case Study of Bay Area Entrepreneurs

Lara N.

How can we market new goods and products to most effectively target Palo Alto High School students?

Andrew S.

The Increase of Anti-semitism and Suggested Modern Responses

Ella B.

What are the most significant environmental factors and genetic influences that increase the likelihood of developing Alzheimer’s disease?

Nathan R. & Micaela W.

Mental Health in the Juvenile Justice System

Tyler M.

The Relationship Between Socioeconomic Status And The Rate Of Concussion Diagnosis Among Bay Area High School Students (ages 14-18).

Alexa G.

What is a feasible financial plan for the Palo Alto Airport's next three Airport Days?

Cindy G.

Impact of Online Resources on Math Achievement in Middle School

Jay R.

Which tactics and ideologies of al-Qaeda and the Muslim Brotherhood work to achieve their respective goals, and which are counterproductive?

Jenna K.

How are Black Women Being Discriminated Against when Receiving Reproductive Healthcare Compared to White Women?

Seymour A.

Modelling Control Factors For Mosquitoes In Many Environments

Edward T.

Standardized Testing During the Coronavirus Pandemic

Heidi M.

How does Kalman filter and a replacement of the PID control loop affect a robot’s ability to aim and shoot?

Rachel N.

Politics of Alto High School Social Justice Students

Hannah S.

How PAUSD Can Encourage Racial Diversity in Honors and AP STEM Classes

Chiara B.

Why Digital Wallets Are Less Popular in the U.S. than in China

Audrey C.

Exploring Alternative Methods and Strategies for Commercial Fishing Concerning Environmental Health and Industry Benefit

Cade C.

The Effect of Music on Task Performance

Ishita M.

Using Computational Modeling Techniques to Analyze Cancer Cell/Tumor Growth, and Identifying Best Methods of Analyzing Data from Tools like Mass Spectrometry When Studying Tumor Growth

Anuva B.

Environmental Racism

Ricardo L

Can Transit Oriented Development Effectively Increase Voter Turnout among Historically Underrepresented Minorities?

Mathew S.-K.

Impact of Social Media’s Use of Photography on Teenagers Under the Age of 18 in the United States

Stella D.

How Will a Fully Developed BIM Influence and Improve Architecture?

Brian L.

Robotics for All: Development and Growth of a Non-Profit

Max G.

The Impact of Interpersonal Relations on Teacher Turnover

Bridget L.

The Harmful Effects of Gentrification

Miguel G.

How do the nonviolent movement leaders Aung San Suu Kyi and Martin Luther King intersect?

Julia C.

Determining Correlation Between Pediatric Cancer and Mental Health Outcomes in Adult Survivors

Isabella O.

The Effectiveness of Different Types of Music in Decreasing Stress, Increasing Motivation and Confidence, and Improving Mood

Emily T.

Idiopathic And PTSD-related Nightmare Disorder And Chronic Nightmares.

Asha M.

Developing a Better Litter Prevention Program

Julie C.

Universal Preschool and its Relation to Closing the Achievement Gap

Isabella K.

The Math Achievement Gap in PAUSD Schools

Paige T.

Mandatory Computer Science in School

Nathan C.

How does the protein Ptch in the Hh pathway bond with cholesterol?

Youngju K.

RNA Folding with CoFold

Edward T.

Investigating Perception of Bias in U.S. News Outlets

Olivia C.

Improving Sun Protection Through Education and Access-Based Interventions

Anna T.

Making Meaning Through Self Portraits

Naomi S.

Effective Methods for a Counselor-Based School Mental Health Program to Prevent Additional Suicide deaths After a Public Suicide in PAUSD

Claire B.

Bringing Alignment to the Paly Campus

Sophie Y.

Identifying an Effective Semantic Segmentation Algorithm for Deforestation Analysis

Renee S.

Impact of STEM Literacy on SpringBoard to Kindergarten and Kindergarten Readiness

Brianna M.

Correcting Yoga Poses through Pose Estimation

Ziyue W.

Improving Animal Models Best Represent Alzheimer’s Disease

Allison C.

Assistance for the Oglala Sioux Population

Natalia B.

How High Schools in America Support Students with Mental Health Issues

Olivia W.

Do Adults With Bachelor's Degrees Tend To Earn More Money Than Adults With High School Experience Or Community College?

Blake E.

4ai: an Accessibilty Nonprofit

Ashley P. and Cathy H.

What are some of the effects of Natural products and substances, such as Panax ginseng, on tau pathology in Alzheimer’s Disease patients?

Lawerence C. & David S.

What variables affect women living in poverty in California from accessing reproductive health care? What would be the most effective ways to mitigate these variables to ensure equality in access to reproductive health care?

Avery P.

How can machine learning be used to analyze a website’s design by using data about human preferences based on age and/or gender? How can it provide insight on the website entrance's appeal to its target audiences?

Adnaan S.

What is the effect of increasing deforestation on re-emerging diseases, specifically leptospirosis?

Paloma M.

Fostering Low-Income Academic Success Through Group Tutoring

Nico R. and Whitley S.

What are the biochemical changes in patients with Parkinson’s disease?

Allison C.

How prevalent is liver cancer in the Asian community compared to other ethnicities and why?

Sam Y.

Musical Machine Learning

Nicholas C.

How Sex Hormones' Effect on Skin Bacteria Reflects the Gender Bias of the Occurrence of Eczema

Chloe L.

How can we find a way to incorporate physical therapy into the clubfoot treatment, which can be understood by any language and without internet access, for kids in developing countries in the most effective way?

Isabelle C.

What are the effects of total school spending per student on educational outcomes in California? How can the allocation of school funding provide equitable access to education?

Josh D.

How does writing capabilities compare between students with English Only background and students from non-English Only Background (English Learner, non-English speaking parents)?

Molly W.

How to Minimize Risk in Stock Market Investment

Arjun K.

How Does the Music Industry’s Combination of So Many Styles of Music Contribute to Racial Segregation in the Music Industry?

Marina B.

Are Chatbots More Effective in Engaging with Autistic Individuals between 13 and 18 years old in Comparison to Therapists conducting Psychotherapy?

Zachary F.

Performance and game factors influencing the fluctuating ticket prices of NBA games

Katherine C.

What is microPREP, and what are its potential uses?

Elizabeth W. & Andrew Y.

How Mindfulness Meditation for Students May Close the Achievement Gap

Zander D.

How‌ ‌Does‌ ‌the‌ ‌Cost‌ ‌of‌ ‌Healthcare‌ ‌in‌ ‌America‌ ‌Affect‌ ‌Marginalized‌ ‌Populations,‌ ‌such‌ ‌as‌ ‌Indigenous‌ ‌Ones,‌ ‌as‌ ‌Compared‌ ‌to‌ ‌the‌ ‌Caucasian ‌Population?

Giulia L.

How Does Consumer Culture in the US Affect the Mental Health of its Citizens?

Ella M.

How Carbon Emissions Affect Climate Change

Navid N.

Are 18-35 Year Old Women Who Are Seen as Attractive Presented with Significantly More Opportunity in their Careers Compared to Those Who Are Not Seen as So?

Lauren L

The State of Arts Education in K-12 Public Schools

Kelsey L.

Rebuilding the Fletcher Garden and Providing Environment-Focussed Curriculum

Shira G.

Identifying Effective Instructional Technology in 6-8 Education

Aditi P.

Aquaponic Design and Efficiency in Certain Environments

Lance K.

Harnessing the Power of the Ocean: Designing a Portable and Efficient Wave Energy Converter Prototype

Isabel S

What are the Impacts of Instagram on Teenage Mental Health Compared to Individuals Above 20?

Tiffany S.

Examining variables that measure seismic safety in Palo Alto High School's buildings.

Vivian W.

Analyzing Perception of Satisfaction of Artwork

Katie H.

The Benefits of Music Education

Gabriel C.

Effective Policies to Maximize Smartphone Utility in Classrooms

Jerry H.

Education and Inclusion for Students with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities in Postsecondary Education

Hyewon A.

4ai: Accessibilty Nonprofit

Ashley P. and Cathy H.

Inclusive Learning in Special Education

Sophia H

Implications of Principles of Turner's Thesis on Mass Media

Stephanie L.

Shoe Startup Viability Within Their Respective Markets

Manu T.

Role Of Phagocytosis In The Treatment Of Brain Tumors

Aarti M.

Testing Whether GANs Can Generate Photorealistic Images from Rough Sketches

Tianyue Z.

What Can COVID Trends Tell us About Future Response to Pandemics?

Jinwoo J.

What are the social-emotional effects of laning at Palo Alto High School?

Matthew S.

What Changes Need to Occur Within the Healthcare Training System to Ensure that Women's Health is Equally as Prioritized, Studied, and Researched as Men's Health?

Dana T.

COVID-19's Impact on Working Mothers

Cate B.

Graffiti: Not All Bad

David H.

What are effective measure PAUSD community members can take to reduce teen stress in PAUSD?

Tanner N.

Integrating Autonomous Vehicles into Current Roadway Networks

Devin A.

How Can we Help Save our Forests in Third World Countries and Help Lessen the Spread of Deforestation?

Kathryn M.

How does the change in elevation of coastal mountains caused by introduced species like eucalyptus contribute to the increasingly dry seasons in the Bay Area?

Claire H.

How do the growth mindsets of Palo Alto High School students correlate with their susceptibility to gender stereotype threat?

Jeannette A.

Environmental Impacts on the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Quantitative Analysis

Amelia Y.

Financial Inequality in SAT Scores

Max P.

What are the Theoretical Arguments and Evidence For and Against the Ideas of Jordan Peterson, Specifically his Stance on Identity Politics, political Correctness, and the Meaning of Existence/Purpose of Life?

Michael X.

Exploring the Intersection of Cognitive Science and Jane Austen's Novels

Vandana R.

Study on the Effect of Doped Vertical Co, Ni, Fe Dimers in Pristine Graphene

Joshua C.

Effectiveness of Music about Police Brutality in the Black Lives Matter Movement

Jordan P.

What ways can we reuse water so that it’s safe to drink?

Mina K. & Bethany S.

Using Game Theory to Change the Booster Vaccine Distribution and Lower COVID-19 Deaths

Shuya L.

Older Adults’ Core Values in Recreational Activities as Predicted by Developmental Psychology with Emphasis on Cultural Disparities

Jessica Z. and Sarah B.

Anser Literary Journal

Joshua Y., Rachel S.

Impact of Mindfulness and Meditation on Strengthening Teenagers Ability to Focus in Stressful Situations

Isha N.

How can a decision tree help guide patients through consideration for the different walking devices available to them?

Lydia T.

What are the results of NAFTA for the U.S. and other participating countries in terms of GDP from small businesses, and what could this mean for high-capital industry in Palo Alto if the TPP goes into effect?

Isaac S.

What are the pros and cons of stem cells and gene therapy when used to cure blindness?

Ankur M. & Edward T.

Differences between American and European Ideas of a "Gap Year"

Charlie W

What marketing strategies are most effective in recruiting AAR students with diverse interests?

Angus S.

Impacts of Social Media on Political Polarization in People Ages 18-30

Vinay R.

How Does the Lack of Ethnic Diversity in Genome-Wide Association Studies Contribute to Inaccurate Risk Estimates of Genetic Risk for Minority Groups as Opposed to Populations of European Descent?

Sadie I.

What variables affect a book's popularity, specifically frequency of words?

Akansha G.

Disparities in Female-Oriented Healthcare and Medical Research

Brooke H.

Creating a Website to Assist Disadvantaged Students with the College Application Process

Sarika L. and Adele D.

Managing Flood Damage for East Palo Alto

Siddhant A.

Green Marketing vs Traditional Marketing Strategies and their Compared Effectiveness in Increasing Business Profits

Nupur K.

Analyzing Guard-on-Inmate Sexual Violence in Women’s Correctional Facilities

Ria R.

How does language used by retailers affect adolescent consumers?

Jacky M.

Political Party Affiliation Influence on Vaccine Behavior and COVID Spread in the United States

Thea E.

Harnessing the Power of the Ocean: Designing a Portable and Efficient Wave Energy Converter

Isabel S.

What is the maximum plastic consumption of the average mealworm?

Jenilee C.

What variables affect video game popularity?

Ethan A.

The Effectiveness of the Autism Superpower Glasses on Blind Individuals

Lauren C.

Economical Transport of Probes into Interstellar Space

Naveen T.

The Perceived Safety of Girls in Palo Alto

Lilli C.

Analyzing the optogenetically stimulated neurons in the Bed Nucleus of the Stria Terminalis (BNST) region of mice through behavioral testing and cell analysis

Neelima V.

Finding an Optimized and Viable Solution for Improving Reliability Scores of the Current Power Grid in California

Amol T.

How has the role of African American females in television, movies, and plays evolved over time? What variables affected this evolution?

Nadia L.

Design of Visual Recognition Software to Analyze Deep Brain Stimulation Video.

Xavier L.

A Curriculum to Educate Teens About Intimate Partner Abuse

Kat S., Bill L., and Lucy L.

Impacting Mental Health Awareness in Latino Communities

Itzel A.

The Effect of Culturally Responsive Therapists for Minority Students

Noor N

Educational Inequality in Lower Income Communities in the Bay Area

Gaurav T.

Bystander Wariness: Gender-Based Behavioral Reaction to Bystander Response Laws and Victim Profiles

Quentin S.

The Future of Women’s Rights in Nigeria: A Study on the Impact of Culture on Sexism in Nigeria

Angelica N.

How Can Ocean Therapy be Utilized to Lessen the Repercussions of Anxiety Disorders for U.S Citizens in the Bay Area?

Diego D.

How can statistics be used to better understand injuries to baseball athletes?

Jeremy A. & Niko L.

Women's Access to Reproductive Health Care

Alli M.

The Effect of Embedding Transition Metals on the Spintronic Properties of Graphene Ribbons

Michael C.

Impact Of Music On The 8 Wellness Factors In High School Students

Ava S.

An Effective Treatment For COVID-19: CRISPR

Mona P.

How Toxicity and Gender Change the Way People Play Games Before the Game Even Starts

Alex A.

Solar Panels at Paly

Keenan L.

Mitigation of Plate Waste at Gunn

Quentin S.

How do semiconductor companies influence the economy?

Eric Y.

The Ideal Sexual Education for Middle and High School, and How It Compares to PAUSD's Sexual Education

Beatrice W.

Cross-Comparison of Thraco-Pelasgian with Lycian

Aosheng P.

Identifying Effective Methods to Encourage Households to Compost

Maya A.

“Does Police Training Lead to Increases in the Use of Excessive Force Against Minorities?”

Ziggy T.

How Does Race Influence Rates of Excessive Force Among Policing In the United States?

Cristian R.

Is there a correlation between the rate at which a pulsar loses rotational energy and the non-thermal radiation and bulk kinetic energy of expansion of its supernova remnant?

Maya S.

Effectiveness of Academic Support/Resources post DreamCatchers

Katherine B.

How Korean Beauty Empowers Women Entrepreneurs in the U.S.

Cindy G.

How does the financial aid application affect higher education enrollment among students from low socioeconomic backgrounds?

Corinne S.

What measures can students take to effectively alleviate academic pressure and stress? How effective is the therapy-duo model in reducing academic pressure and stress?

Timothy L.

What strategies can Palo Alto Unified School District (PAUSD) use to effectively reduce the amount of waste created and increase the efficiency in which waste is sorted (into recycling, compost, and landfill bins) on elementary, middle school, and high school campuses? Furthermore, what are the fiscal effects of reducing and sorting waste on PAUSD campuses?

Leila T.

How can one construct a hydraulophone (instrument) that displays a visual representation of the sound it produces?

Josh C.

How the Los Angeles Police Department Can Effectively Discern Racially Motivated Police Misconduct from a Justified Action

Esme S

The Impact of Social Media on Mental Health

Nura M.

Impact of Mental Health, Childhood Trauma, and Substance Abuse on Serial Killers

Kumar A.

How Age Affects Perceptions of Inclusion of People with Disabilities

Amanda H.

What Makes a Teenager an “Early Bird” or a “Night Owl,” and How Should These Adolescent Sleep Preferences Factor into Our School Start Times?

Melody X.

Affordability of Medicine Within the United States

Julia C.

How does post-secondary education affect PAUSD graduates?

Meghna S.

How Low Income California Residents Are Affected by Their Enrollment with MediCal

Madeline M.

What are the most effective ways of closing the achievement gap?

Maya D. H.

How Does The Way California Fund Their Public Schools Affect Teaching And Learning In The South Central LA School Districts?

Karisa GM

How can stem cell therapy be used to help stroke patients recover?

Ankita A.

Impact of Multinational Corporations on Revenue and Sustainability of Businesses in Non-Globalized Countries

Rohan S.

Sunshine (novel)

Haoning J.

How Different Kinds of Media Affect Perception of Mental Health

Oscar S.

Identifying and addressing the barriers that surround the career interests of 5th graders

Ben S.

The Voluntary Transfer Program and the Racial Achievement Gap in PAUSD

Talia S.

What variables affect the Palo Alto community's response to homelessness?

Jordan S.

The Location of the Tank Transmission Over Time

Nick M.

Effectiveness of Art in Activism

Evan A.

How Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Causing Mutations in the Lever Arm of the Myosin Motor Affect the Function of the Myosin

Michael C.

Impact of Security Treats on Country Debt Defaults

Ben S.

What is the Process of Independently Designing and Producing a Purchasable Fanzine?

Lydia C.

Suppression of Votes in Low-Income Communities During the 2020 Primary Election

Krista R.

What variables affect Bay Area students' in underserved communities access to college standardized testing materials?

Quinn K.

How the Grieving Process Differs for Children Who Have Lost Parents vs. Parents Who Have Lost Children

Mahati S.

Basics of Acoustics

Linda L.

How does the diversity of a classroom affect the mindset of students? How do the mindsets of HUR students compare to others?

Kaitlin C., Ahana G., & Zahra M.

Ration Bars

Alicia Z.

Environmental Social Justice: Superfund Sites

Benjamin M.

How does the method of CRISPR cas 9 work to construct a tool to study the mechanisms of mutated NF2 gene in neurofibromatosis type 2?

Anna S. & Annie T.

Electric Regeneration in Electric Bikes

Miles S.

Privacy in the 21st Century

Samarth P.

Are High School Students With Higher Family Income More Likely To Continue With Competitive Sports Than Students With A Lower Family Income?

Aidan R.

Determining the Best Post-Graduation Options for High School Students Using Self-Interest Inventories and Research

Brandon P

Impacts of the United States Foster Care System on Foster Care Youths

Hailene S.

What variables affect students' educational aspirations and confidence?

Jack F.

Testing the Link Between Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and HIV

Andres B.

Big Brothers Big Sisters: High School Students Preparing Middle Schoolers for High School Through a Mentoring Program

Zoe W., Anna T., and Cameryn H.

How can a transportation market optimize ways to dispatch drivers to passengers while maximizing efficiency and revenue?

Rachel C.

How People from Low Socioeconomic Backgrounds Experience Barriers to Entry for a Youth Soccer Club

Kenzo M.

The Influence of Social Media on Teenagers' Perceptions of Healthy Relationships

Zoë W.

Using Ocean Waves to Generate Power

Isabel S.

Graphene Doping

Catherine L.

Why Don't We Use Closed Captions?

Senja J

How a Systematic Process of Collecting and Presenting Evidence in Court Can Be Installed in the United States to Increase the Reliability of Forensic Science

Anna T.

AI Algorithm that Calculates the Heart Rate from an Electrocardiogram (ECG)

Allen L.

How has the rise of pharmaceutical companies affected the progress on cancer drug development?

Matthew N.

How to Optimize and Naturalize Computer-Designed Images

Andrew Z.

HPV Vaccine Safety, Treatments, and Usage

Ayaka S.

What are the frequency trends of marijuana substance abuse among teenagers in California?

Annalise W. & Audrey L.

Minority Presence in Journalism

Hannah D.

What variables contribute to an entrepreneur's success? How can adolescents develop successful entrepreneurial characteristics?

Soumya J.

What factors have historically affected the homicide rate in the United States, the rise of homicides in 2015?

Amar S.

What novel stem cell and prostate cancer biomarkers located on the cell surface can researchers and clinicians use as therapeutic targets?

Jenica W.

Changing the Narrative: How Men Can Be Encouraged to Express Their Emotions

Adrien T.

Vertical Farming in Homes

Ava K.

What variables affect low-income peoples' access to healthcare in California?

Caitlin D.

How does the amount of sleep affect an adolescent athlete's performance?

Amber F. & Claire L.

In addition to the price to earnings ratios dominant effect on a stock’s price, does a company’s balance sheet information, namely, cash flow, have a further effect?

Daniel Z.

How Social Factors, Such as Discrimination and Racial Profiling, Affect the Achievement Gap in Majority White Schools

Sarah M

How Watching Anime Impacts Thought Processes

Robin D.

Improvement of Communication Devices for Children with Speech Impediments

Ava R.

Investigating Hydrogen as a Potential Alternative to Kerosene in Fueling Commercial Aircraft

Alexander G.

What is the most efficient way to dispatch taxis to optimize time and maximize revenue?

Rachel C.

Toxic Masculinity

Dean H.

Gender Equality in Sports Leadership & Athletic Participation

Neive W.

What is the effect of using actergy as a metric on developing muscle training and sports performance?

Sean L.

Food Security: A National Crisis

Virginia T.

The Chester Project

Lindsey M

Identifying Sequence Elements in the 5’UTR of mRNA that correlate with Translational Efficiency in H.Capsulatum

Annika V.

Protections Against Pesticide Exposure for Farmworkers

Maya R.

How Much Are Known Factors Correlated with Higher Risk of Alzheimer’s in African Americans Over the Age of 65 Compared to Other Ethnicities Over the Age of 65?

Emily W.

Analyzing strategies used to tell an engaging story to a modern demographic?

Jacques M.

Impacts of Zero Tolerance Policies in Education on Minorities and Students of Color

Shriya R.

Availability of Physical Therapy to America's Indigent Population, and How It Could be Used to Combat the Opioid Crisis

Jake V.

Point-of-Care Testing

Roy J.

How can companies strategically and tactically set the most optimized pricing structure for consumer products for both online stores and offline retail channels?

Michelle L.

Name Changes for Social Change

Rachael V.

How Art Can Help Students with Autism

Kaitlyn H.

How Does The Varying Healthcare Style And Poor Financial State Of Developing African Countries In Comparison To The United States Affect Pediatric Healthcare Services?

Bridget P.

How Employee Benefits Affect Company Productivity

Amy W.

Barriers to Reporting Sexual Harassment at Palo Alto High School

Alexa A.

The use of Angiogenesis to treat Myocardial Infarction Injury

Jason L.

Socioeconomic, Achievement Gap and University Enrolment

Nicole B.

Impact of Support Classes in PAUSD

Amy L.

How can implementing t-shades and other renewable sources of energy affect Palo Alto Airport's sustainability?

Simran P.

"Pasung" Shackling the Mentally Ill in Indonesia

Dhesya S.

Indoor pollution and cooking

Jane L.

Identifying the Connection Between Low Wages and Obesity in Santa Clara County

Dara H.

How Stealth Aircraft Can Reduce the Cross-Section of Sensor Fusion

Jamisen M

Clothing Waste

Nina C.

Labor-related Macrosocial Forces of Japanese Karoshi

Michael B.

Underlying Causes of Incarceration and Preventing Recidivism

Darrow H.

Impact of Gun Legislation on Gang-Related Violence

Miles B.

How do Climate Change and Climate-Related Disasters Impact Minorities Disproportionately in the US?

Gretchen B.

How can simulations be used to determine and minimize the causes and effects of wireless interference?

Rafi L.

The Oral History of Palo Alto Senior Citizens

Micaela W.

Homelessness and the Opportunity Center of Palo Alto

Ellie W.

Impact of Music Education on the Achievement Gap

Prahalad M.

Teacher Well-Being

Bridget L. and Kristina I.

Comparing the Affordability of Patented and Brand-Name Prescription Drugs for the Average Citizen in Thailand vs. the U.S.

Julia C.

What algorithms power self-driving vehicles’ fully autonomous driving systems?

Michael B.

Using a Neural Network to Predict Social Media Reactions to the Aesthetic Qualities of an Image

Ramsey B

What is the feasibility of starting a housing venture in college residents in Portland? Connect these findings to why college housing opportunities aren't as prevalent in the Silicon Valley.

Hannah P., Julia Q., & Allison W.

Analyzing Sounds Emitted by Motorized Vehicles

David S.

How does the amount of sleep affect mood and performance of high school students?

Cameron D. & Elena W.

What variables affect East Palo Alto residents' access to healthy food?

Yotam P.

What are the social and cognitive effects of using a dumbphone among adolescents?

Bryce D.

Impact of One-on-One Meetings for Low-Income PAUSD Families about A-G Requirements

Chloe L.

Analysis of Developing Countries in Southeast Asia

Christine T.

How can the exposure of classical music affect the condition of people with Alzheimer’s?

Mehrnaz M.

Signs Reagan Writing and Speaking Show Indicating Early Signs of Alzheimer's

Maxwell K

The Effect of Transfection on Metastatic Potential of Mouse 3T3 cells

Ananya M.

What affect meditation have on perceptions of pain?

Elizabeth C.

Improving Effective Use of Existing Technology in Public Schools

Vivian N.

Sexism in Hollywood

Peter G.

Imapct of New PMTA Regulation Policies on Tobacco Industry Marketing Strategies

Partha K.

How Changes in Gene Expression Affect Phenotypes and Clinical Outcomes for Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Janet L.

The Effect of Marginal Income Tax Rates on the GDP of the U.S. from 1997 to 2017

William X

Testing Whether Marangoni Flows Are Caused by Evaporation and Gravity or Liquid Composition

Hunter N.

Impact of Connection between Concussions and Mental Health on Football Programs

Hazel S.

Applying Vortex Waves to Radio Communication

Roy G.

How can all polygons that can arise as tile shapes in Voronoi grid deletion tilings be characterize?

Michael N.

What are the educational outcomes of students in East Palo Alto and what variables affect these outcomes?

Jordan Q.

Causes of Stigma Against Students with ADHD in Palo Alto and How to Counter Them

Margaret L.

How can computer technology be used to accurately assess walking balance disorders?

Sandhini A.

How does has the innovation of the personal computer (a.k.a. creative destruction, market-creating innovation) affected industries in the past and present? What can we predict from other, more current, effects based on this knowledge?

Samir P.

How the Length of DNA Multimers Influences the Efficiency of Transforming the Bacteria Bacillus Subtilis

Joy H., Stephanie Z.

Effectiveness of Safety Technology on Military Aviation over the Past 100 Years: How Technologically Driven Reductions in Pilot Error Reduce the Number of Incidents

Oscar L.

Use of Facial Recognition Technology in Law Enforcement

Sasha L.

Socioeconomic Impact of California Wild Fires and the Importance of Community Engagement in Land Management

Otto B

How have marketing strategies of large corporations differed in developing countries versus in first world countries in the scope of the past two decades?

Adeline Z.

Impact of Anti-Vaccination Movement on Public Understanding of Science

Lauren Y.

Quantify the amount of carbon capture needed to restore ocean pH levels to pre-industrial levels.

Connor L. & Daniel N.

Effects of AI in a Changing Business Climate

Arjun S.

Investigating the Susceptibility to Misinformation Through Behavioral Factors

Sally L. & Jasmine W.

What affect does demographics have on phone choice?

Norman K. & Edward K.

Psychological Factors that Affect Customer Buying Behavior and Effectiveness at Which Companies Match Them

Alan G.

Differences in the Economy and Health of East Palo Alto and Palo Alto as a Result of Water Allocation and Quality

Shana E.

Reasons for High Dropout Rates in World Language Classes and How to Encourage Students to Continue in Language Education

Clare T.

Molecular Mechanisms Underlying Neurodegenerative Diseases Associated with Mutant Tau

Miranda Y.

What Effect do Nutrition Classes Have on Eating Habits of Food Desert Residents?

Natalia C.

How do the effects of subliminal perception impact gender-neutral advertisements?

Alicia C.

Process and Impact of Reporting Sexual Assaults in a University Setting

Malia C.

Identifying Post-Secondary Options

Damian A.

Impact of Anti-Homeless Architecture in the Bay Area

Ian L.H.

The Role of Democracy in 2020 Taiwanese Presidential Election

Yi-Jie T.

Autism and Poverty

Audrey G.

How Contemporary Female Artists Have Succeeded Despite Historical Bias

Esther L.

The Challenges of Creating an Environmentally Sustainable Company: with a Focus on the Reduction of Plastic Waste

Maxwell C.

The Internets Affect on the Purposes of Public Libraries and Demographics of Their Visitors

Yunhao Y.

Using R to analyze data from 500 patients with lung squamous cell cancer, which proteins have high expressions that correlate with low survival rates?

Arushi A.

What variables regarding team cohesion are related to the overall satisfaction of soccer players in the Bay Area?

Emily T.

Sustainable Plants in the Palo Alto Climate

Rahul K.

How Can we Improve the Coverage and Efficiency of Algorithms for the Automated Testing of Android Mobile Applications?

Arul M.

What kind of peptide chain inhibitor can be created to suppress the FOXP3 transcription factor and impair the development of regulatory T cells?

William P.

Bridging the Gap in Pediatric Palliative Care for Terminally Ill Patients

Avantika S.

How Teaspoon Collect Consumer Information to Better Target Marketing

Ashley P.

Arts for Opportunity

Owen R.

Effects of Stereotyping in Type Casting on the Careers of Racial Minority Actors

Sarthak P.

Impact of Paris Climate Accords on CO2/GHG Emissions: Comparative Study of U.K. and Canada to Determine Best Practices

Ryan P.

ADHD Treatments Options: Information, Accessibility, And Awareness

Alex S.

Is Mask-Wearing Compliance in High-School Age Students Correlated with Self-Reported Anxiety Symptoms Compared to Students Who Do Not Wear a Mask?

Helena D.

Paly Student Satisfaction with School Wellness Programs

Jasmine M.-P.

Does The Lack Of Resources For Adolescents With Mental Health Living In Low Income Areas Affect The Severity Of The Conditions In Comparison To Adolescents With Mental Health Outlets?

Corinne B.

How does systemic racism persist in America's prison system?

Dorian J.

How does prior knowledge of chemicals in pesticides affect consumer attitudes towards organic versus nonorganic food?

Adrienne K.

How Tobacco and Vaping Advertisements Target Young Adults in Low Socioeconomic Communities

Hanna C.

Displaying and Selling Art Made by San Quentin Death Row Inmates

Maddy W.

What variables affect literacy development among K-3 students?

Sarah S.

A Study of the Involvement and Potential of Music Therapy in Care Facilities as Treatment for Alzheimer’s Disease

Sarah B.

How does embedding various metals in 6 by 6 sheets of boron nitride affect its properties?

Michael C. & Nihar M.

The Importance of Student Participation in Language Development from Middle School to High School

Arman M.

What effect does the cell proliferation rate have its mass?

Andrew T. S.

How Use of a Teen Mentoring Program Impacts the Academic Engagement of Third Graders

Bradley S.

Economic Gardens

Jeremiah C.

Self-Folding Robots: How They Work and What Applications They Have

Allison Y.

Applications of AI in the Medical Field

Elliott K

Sports Injuries in Female High School Athletes: Analysis of Strength Training Frequency for Injury Prevention

Vienna L.

Volunteerism and Veterans' Morale

Kaitlin M.

What are the factors behind the rising prescription drug prices in America?

Kathleen L. & Stephanie Z.

How Legislation Aimed at the LGBT Community Impacts the Frequency and Nature of Hate Crimes in the U.S.

Megan G.

The Relationship Between a Culture of Happiness, Mental Health, and Emotional Health Among Silicon Valley Youth

Emily C.

Comparison of Left-Behind Children in Rural China and Immigrant Chinese Students in the United States

Stella (Qinqin) W.

Plastic Straws in the Environment

Michaela F.

How Does Social Construct Play a Role in the Rising Rates of Teenage Addiction?

Madeline S.

Given partial observations of a natural image, can a network be trained that can accurately predict the missing portion to a realistic standard?

Kevin F.

Lessons from the USA's Entrepreneurial Successes

Aneesh A.

Does relativity affect voter preferences in primary and local elections?

Avi T.

Identifying the Most Effective Single Agent for Treating Follicular Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma

Manya Z.

What Tangible Impacts Does Underrepresentation Have on the LGBTQ Community?

Michael S.

How can natural language understanding techniques be applied to mimic human responses in spam email conversations?

Guatam M.

Testing for a Link between Bacteriophages/Gut Bacteria and Parkinson's Disease

Wendy X and Christine Z

Creativity in Education: Creativity Carts

Sam G.

How does a patient's emotions affect their cancer development?

Ronald O.

Water Filtration and Purification

Richard L. & Caroline L.

Tracking the Social Divide Between Special Education Students and General Education Students

Mattie O.

Youth-Driven Mental Health Programs

Madeline B.

Business Owners and Mislabeling in the Seafood Industry

Varun D.

How can user mouse movement patterns be used to improve A/B testing?

Daniel C.

How Does the Amount of Music Exposure or Experience Affect the Effect of Music Therapy for Alzheimer's Patients Over the Age of 60?

Rohini B.

How Variation in Response to Medication due to CYP450 Enzymes Affects Adverse Drug Reaction Rates (in Terms of Health and Healthcare Costs) Through Prevention of Adverse Drug Reaction?

Renee S.

Using the science of Neuroplasticity, how long will it take to train the non-dominant hand to write as fast as the dominant hand dependent on age?

Akhil K.

Addressing Consequences On High School Student Sleep Health As A Result Of COVID-19

Myra X.

How is the globalization of social media and the rising prevalence of connectivity affecting the state of poverty in developing countries?

Dana Z.

What Does the History of Real Estate Discrimination Look Like in the San Francisco Bay Area and How Has it Discriminated Against Minorities?

Kendall T.

Awareness for Battered Woman Syndrome

Sofia M.

How can Apple’s 2001 iPod marketing strategies be used to advertise products of silicon valley’s newest tech companies?

Toby L.

Influence of Musical Genres on Mood - A PALY Study

Sophia S.

California Higher Education Applications and Equity

Jack C.

How does economic status, location, and other factors impact patients suffering from various diseases such as Multiple Sclerosis (MS), traumatic brain injury, Parkinson's Disease, or stroke?

Amy W.

How does providing full day kindergarten correlate with the achievement gap?

Kira E.

Greenland Ice Sheet (GrIS) Margin Retreat Driven By Marine Outlet Glacier Activity

Arunim A.

How do different teaching styles affect student engagement in middle school math classes?

Nicole L.

Why Students in a High Achieving Suburban High School Do Not Seek Mental Health Support

Samantha L.

Benefits of Teens Maintaining a Paid Job in Silicon Valley, California

Brooke M.

What are the effects of discrimination and stereotype threat on growth mindset among minority students?

Layla S.

Non-Traditional Variables for Measuring the Stability of the Economy

Lawrence F.

The Connection Between Art and Autism

Waverly L.

Planetary Environments for Habitable Kepler Small Planet Candidates

Justin H.

The Effects of Stress on Working Memory in High School Students

John L.

Gardening and Student Health

Benjamin A.

Increasing Access to Higher Education for Low-Income Students

Sarah S.

How has the increased use of technology affect company's branding styles?

Anmol N. & Shannon Z.

The Effects of Particle Interactions on Nuclear Level Density and Temperature in the sd-space

Alex B.

Designing a Sustainable Residential House that Incorporates Palo Alto’s Climate and Environment to Reduce Utility Fees

Hyunah R.

How Government Policy Relating to Homelessness Affects the Education of Homeless Youth in the Bay Area

Louisa K.

Economic and Pathologist Effectiveness of Point-of-Care Diagnostics in Low-Income and Developing Countries

Jaehyun J.

How Can the Effect of Covid-19 on Child Abuse Rates Help Identify the Root Causes of Child Abuse?

Georgia B.

What are the correlations between different types of solar panels (monocrystalline, polycrystalline, and thin film) and the amount of energy output?

Veronica P.

Wolbachia Spread Simulation

Bryan T.

Improving Animal Models Best Represent Alzheimer’s Disease

Iris H.

Environmental Education and It’s Outreach Due to COVID-19.

Molly O.

How Political Isolation Affects Political Polarization

Sophie A.

An Empirical Approach to the Measurement Problem of Quantum Mechanics

Quinn M.

An Analysis of French and U.S Sino-centric Defense Policy by Examining the implementation of Unilateral Arms Embargoes by the Two Countries

Siddharth J.

How can scratch holograms be made more efficiently?

Alice Z.

How have frozen conflicts in Eastern Europe be developed in the past 10 years? Are these frozen conflicts permanent in nature, or can they be resolved?

Tara M.

Using Emotions to Improve Memorization

Isha R.

Analysis of Variance for Rubik's Cube Solving Speed

Kepler B.

Empowering And Instilling A Growth Mindset Into Young Girls Through Youth Mentorship.

Adrienne Y. and Kirsten R.

Drug & Alcohol Use Affect on Academic Success of High School Students

Diego A.

Relationships between Sleep Patterns in Introversion/Extroversion

Ananya K.

The Effect of Surface Contouring on Capacitive Computer Keyboard Sensitivity

Ethan C.

Garden Remodel

Jack F.

How Does Gender Have an Effect on the Wage of a Person Working in PAUSD and How Do the Wages Compare Between Genders?

Lulu G.

The Anonym Project

Yara S.

How Adoption of Cryptocurrencies (e.g., Bitcoin) as a Mainstream Form of Payment Might Be Affected as High-Frequency Trading Becomes More Prevalent Among Major Currencies

Aidan H.

Possible Effects of Complete Trade Isolation between the U.S. and China on the U.S. Economy

Lexy J

Ending Patent Trolls

Reza N.

What is the potential of machine learning in analyzing financial data to make better risk-informed decisions?

Nicholas Z.

Mitigating Biodiversity Loss from Building Solar Farms through Urban Solutions

Flynn K.

How Media Impacts the Opinions of Palo Alto High School Students Regarding the NFL Protests

Will R.

System 1 and System 2 Persuasion Tactics and Their Impacts on Secondary School Absenteeism

Aditya M.

The Effectiveness of Breathing Techniques in Improving Athletes' Mindsets and Resilience to Failure

Ellie J.

Measuring How Speech Patterns Differ in State Congressional Speeches Using Partisan and/or Regional Key Phrases

Nandita G.

How effective is personalized mentorship through technology?

Alice Y. Z.

Applications of Nanotechnology in Medicine

Michael T.

The Genetics of Melanoma

Pooja A.

Effectiveness of the Voluntary Transfer Program

Ben B.

Racial Disparity in Standardized Testing

Charlotte C.

How do sales/ marketing representatives use R&D investments to help market their products?

Serina N.

National Anthem Protests and the Effectiveness of the 2018 Nike Campaign in Raising Awareness about Racial Bias

Bakari S.

Anti-Trump Protests in Santa Clara County 2017-18

Dante K.

Do Concussions and Major Brain Injuries from Physical Sports Affect High School Student Athletes Grades to a Level That Would Warrant Accommodations?

Alex B.

Social Support and SELF Ambassadors

Madeline L.

Infrared Sensor on Arduino Self-Driving Car

Kevin B.

Comparing the quality of Chinese and English translations of Japanese text through studying two notable pieces of Japanese literature and their translations.

Cynthia Z.

Using Melanoma Drug Treatment Data to Extract Clinical Insights

Jenny S.

The Impact of Community Gardening on Nutrition and Eating Habits

Kate O'C.

Optimal Sterilization of Bacterial Through Different Concentration of Alcohol

Clair K.

A Personal Memoir

Rachel S.

Analyzing the Achievement Gap in the Bay Area

Alia J.

Income Effects on Computer Science

Aizaak C.B.

Reducing Terrorist Upbringing by Analyzing the Psychological Backgrounds of Terrorists in the Middle East

Will W.

Relationships Between Economic Status and Extracurricular Participation in Palo Alto

Marissa L.

Strategies on Ending Child Marriage

Tyler V.

Understanding gut bacteria’s effect on the onset of neurodegenerative diseases

Wendy X. and Christine Z.

Connection between Contamination of Coastlines and Surf Break Pollution

Alex W.

How 4D Printing, Smart Materials, and Self-Assembly Can Be Implemented Together to Protect Humans in Hostile Situations While in Space

Kaushik S.

What‌ ‌Effect‌ ‌does‌ ‌the‌ ‌“Three‌ ‌Obediences‌ ‌and‌ ‌Four‌ ‌Virtues”‌ ‌Principles‌ ‌Have‌ ‌on‌ ‌Chinese‌ ‌Gender‌ ‌Inequality?‌ ‌

Zihao L.

How Levels of the EGFR Protein in Cells Relate to Cancer Rates

Isha R.

Reading Programs’ Effects on the Achievement Gap

Sashinka P.

Affordable Compared to Luxury Drug Rehabilitation Centers Through Meditation

Declan K.

What are the daily effects of familial hypercholesterolemia and other inherited heart diseases on patients?

Ria S. & Brian C.

Using AI to Improve Relations Between the United States and North Korea

Hyunwoo R.

What is the most effective way to cross-sell Google Cloud Platform to Google Apps customers (and vice versa) to increase customer loyalty and engagement?

Annalee S.

Interest Levels in Science Classes at Paly

Jonathan S.

How can machine learning be used to teach a computer to create art?

Tyler P. & Josh S.

Variations that Affect the Risk of Narcolepsy

Christine Z.

How is the US Prepared to Help Trans and Gender Expansive People Transition?

Reed J.

How can artificial intelligence affect user engagement in video games?

Kavi G.

Is America a Real Democracy or is the Political System Expolited by Money?

Zihao F.

How does inserting different transitional metal atoms into a 6 by 6 cell of silicene affect its catalytic properties?

Frederick N.

AAR Student Projects