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What variables affect literacy development among K-3 students?

Sarah S.

Addressing Consequences On High School Student Sleep Health As A Result Of COVID-19

Myra X.

Robotics for All: Development and Growth of a Non-Profit

Max G.

How did the Federal Reserve affect the U.S. economy during the Great Depression and 2008 recession?

Minki K.

The Role of Democracy in 2020 Taiwanese Presidential Election

Yi-Jie T.

Why does Palo Alto’s African American Population Stand at Just 1.6%, and What are the Problems in the City’s Methods to Address this Disparity?

Will T

Graffiti: Not All Bad

David H.

Molecular Mechanisms Underlying Neurodegenerative Diseases Associated with Mutant Tau

Miranda Y.

The Internets Affect on the Purposes of Public Libraries and Demographics of Their Visitors

Yunhao Y.

How Does the Music Industry’s Combination of So Many Styles of Music Contribute to Racial Segregation in the Music Industry?

Marina B.

HPV Vaccine Safety, Treatments, and Usage

Ayaka S.

Policy and the Movement of Undocumented Immigrants: A Look at the Correlation between State Policy and Undocumented Immigrant Populations in the United States over the Past 10 Years

Ben S. & Vyomika G.

How Has Lack of Access to PPE Affected the Health of Farm Workers in California as a Result of COVID-19 and the Recent Wildfires?

Grace L.

What affect does demographics have on phone choice?

Norman K. & Edward K.

The Importance of Student Participation in Language Development from Middle School to High School

Arman M.

What are effective solutions for air particle pollution in underdeveloped countries?

Claire Q.

What are the biochemical changes in patients with Parkinson’s disease?

Allison C.

How High Schools in America Support Students with Mental Health Issues

Olivia W.

How Age Affects Perceptions of Inclusion of People with Disabilities

Amanda H.

How are Black Women Being Discriminated Against when Receiving Reproductive Healthcare Compared to White Women?

Seymour A.

The Genetics of Melanoma

Pooja A.

Analyzing strategies used to tell an engaging story to a modern demographic?

Jacques M.

Implications of Principles of Turner's Thesis on Mass Media

Stephanie L.

Applications of AI in the Medical Field

Elliott K

What marketing strategies are most effective in recruiting AAR students with diverse interests?

Angus S.

Benefits of Teens Maintaining a Paid Job in Silicon Valley, California

Brooke M.

Reducing Terrorist Upbringing by Analyzing the Psychological Backgrounds of Terrorists in the Middle East

Will W.

Process and Impact of Reporting Sexual Assaults in a University Setting

Malia C.

Effectiveness of the Voluntary Transfer Program

Ben B.

Psychological Factors that Affect Customer Buying Behavior and Effectiveness at Which Companies Match Them

Alan G.

What are the effects of total school spending per student on educational outcomes in California? How can the allocation of school funding provide equitable access to education?

Josh D.

California Higher Education Applications and Equity

Jack C.

How Low Income California Residents Are Affected by Their Enrollment with MediCal

Madeline M.

Does The Lack Of Resources For Adolescents With Mental Health Living In Low Income Areas Affect The Severity Of The Conditions In Comparison To Adolescents With Mental Health Outlets?

Corinne B.

Older Adults’ Core Values in Recreational Activities as Predicted by Developmental Psychology with Emphasis on Cultural Disparities

Jessica Z. and Sarah B.

How is the US Prepared to Help Trans and Gender Expansive People Transition?

Reed J.

Drug & Alcohol Use Affect on Academic Success of High School Students

Diego A.

How Art Can Help Students with Autism

Kaitlyn H.

How can all polygons that can arise as tile shapes in Voronoi grid deletion tilings be characterize?

Michael N.

The Ideal Sexual Education for Middle and High School, and How It Compares to PAUSD's Sexual Education

Beatrice W.

How does the method of CRISPR cas 9 work to construct a tool to study the mechanisms of mutated NF2 gene in neurofibromatosis type 2?

Anna S. & Annie T.

What factors have historically affected the homicide rate in the United States, the rise of homicides in 2015?

Amar S.

What variables affect East Palo Alto residents' access to healthy food?

Yotam P.

A Personal Memoir

Rachel S.

How would inserting transition metals into 2 dimensional materials such as graphene, silicene and boron nitride affect its catalytic properties?

Tian C.

Indoor pollution and cooking

Jane L.

How Media Impacts the Opinions of Palo Alto High School Students Regarding the NFL Protests

Will R.

How Does The Varying Healthcare Style And Poor Financial State Of Developing African Countries In Comparison To The United States Affect Pediatric Healthcare Services?

Bridget P.

The Influence of Social Media on Teenagers' Perceptions of Healthy Relationships

Zoë W.

Reading Programs’ Effects on the Achievement Gap

Sashinka P.

Therapist Perceptions on LGBTQ IPV and Adherence to Treatment Guidelines

Jack P.

How does the change in elevation of coastal mountains caused by introduced species like eucalyptus contribute to the increasingly dry seasons in the Bay Area?

Claire H.

Paly Student Satisfaction with School Wellness Programs

Jasmine M.-P.

Bridging the Gap in Pediatric Palliative Care for Terminally Ill Patients

Avantika S.

How Sex Hormones' Effect on Skin Bacteria Reflects the Gender Bias of the Occurrence of Eczema

Chloe L.

The Relationship Between Socioeconomic Status And The Rate Of Concussion Diagnosis Among Bay Area High School Students (ages 14-18).

Alexa G.

Relationships Between Economic Status and Extracurricular Participation in Palo Alto

Marissa L.

How can we market new goods and products to most effectively target Palo Alto High School students?

Andrew S.

Effects of AI in a Changing Business Climate

Arjun S.

Impact of Music Education on the Achievement Gap

Prahalad M.

Investigating Hydrogen as a Potential Alternative to Kerosene in Fueling Commercial Aircraft

Alexander G.

What variables affect Bay Area students' in underserved communities access to college standardized testing materials?

Quinn K.

Improving Animal Models Best Represent Alzheimer’s Disease

Allison C.

The Effect of Transfection on Metastatic Potential of Mouse 3T3 cells

Ananya M.

Toxic Masculinity

Dean H.

How does the amount of sleep affect an adolescent athlete's performance?

Amber F. & Claire L.

Basics of Acoustics

Linda L.

The Math Achievement Gap in PAUSD Schools

Paige T.

Ration Bars

Alicia Z.

How Government Policy Relating to Homelessness Affects the Education of Homeless Youth in the Bay Area

Louisa K.

Individual Queer Identity and Repression (Stage Play)

Vincent S.

Labor-related Macrosocial Forces of Japanese Karoshi

Michael B.

Causes, Effects, and Solutions to Groundwater Depletion in California

Tanvi R.

How Watching Anime Impacts Thought Processes

Robin D.

How has the involvement of Asian-Americans in the film industry evolved?

Callia T.

How Does Consumer Culture in the US Affect the Mental Health of its Citizens?

Ella M.

Testing for a Link between Bacteriophages/Gut Bacteria and Parkinson's Disease

Wendy X and Christine Z

Garden Remodel

Jack F.

Integrating Autonomous Vehicles into Current Roadway Networks

Devin A.

Autism and Poverty

Audrey G.

How Contemporary Female Artists Have Succeeded Despite Historical Bias

Esther L.

Perceptions of Undocumented Immigrants from Latin America by Bay Area Residents

Cade R.

How can a decision tree help guide patients through consideration for the different walking devices available to them?

Lydia T.

How to Minimize Risk in Stock Market Investment

Arjun K.

Are Chatbots More Effective in Engaging with Autistic Individuals between 13 and 18 years old in Comparison to Therapists conducting Psychotherapy?

Zachary F.

What is the feasibility of starting a housing venture in college residents in Portland? Connect these findings to why college housing opportunities aren't as prevalent in the Silicon Valley.

Hannah P., Julia Q., & Allison W.

The Effect of Music on Task Performance

Ishita M.

What are the educational outcomes of students in East Palo Alto and what variables affect these outcomes?

Jordan Q.

Designing a Sustainable Residential House that Incorporates Palo Alto’s Climate and Environment to Reduce Utility Fees

Hyunah R.

What are the Theoretical Arguments and Evidence For and Against the Ideas of Jordan Peterson, Specifically his Stance on Identity Politics, political Correctness, and the Meaning of Existence/Purpose of Life?

Michael X.

The Effectiveness of the Tinsley Program and its Effect on the Racial Achievement Gap Within PAUSD

Talia S.

Quantify the amount of carbon capture needed to restore ocean pH levels to pre-industrial levels.

Connor L. & Daniel N.

Differences in the Economy and Health of East Palo Alto and Palo Alto as a Result of Water Allocation and Quality

Shana E.

Displaying and Selling Art Made by San Quentin Death Row Inmates

Maddy W.

How can Apple’s 2001 iPod marketing strategies be used to advertise products of silicon valley’s newest tech companies?

Toby L.

How have marketing strategies of large corporations differed in developing countries versus in first world countries in the scope of the past two decades?

Adeline Z.

Impact of Anti-Vaccination Movement on Public Understanding of Science

Lauren Y.

Applications of Nanotechnology in Medicine

Michael T.

Relative Health of Native vs. Foreign Trees in Palo Alto

Jackson C.

Graph Theory Study of Metal Doped Graphene Edge State

Tian C.

A Study of the Involvement and Potential of Music Therapy in Care Facilities as Treatment for Alzheimer’s Disease

Sarah B.

Politics of Alto High School Social Justice Students

Hannah S.

The Benefits of Music Education

Gabriel C.

4ai: an Accessibilty Nonprofit

Ashley P. and Cathy H.

Women's Access to Reproductive Health Care

Alli M.

How does systemic racism persist in America's prison system?

Dorian J.

4ai: Accessibilty Nonprofit

Ashley P. and Cathy H.

Using Virtual Reality to Foster Empathy

Anshika A.

Investigating Perception of Bias in U.S. News Outlets

Olivia C.

Comparison of Left-Behind Children in Rural China and Immigrant Chinese Students in the United States

Stella (Qinqin) W.

What are the effects of discrimination and stereotype threat on growth mindset among minority students?

Layla S.

What effect does the cell proliferation rate have its mass?

Andrew T. S.

How Mindfulness Meditation for Students May Close the Achievement Gap

Zander D.

Identifying the Impact of Globalization of Western Fashion Media on Eating Disorders in Japan

Samhita J.

How can we find a way to incorporate physical therapy into the clubfoot treatment, which can be understood by any language and without internet access, for kids in developing countries in the most effective way?

Isabelle C.

Using Computational Modeling Techniques to Analyze Cancer Cell/Tumor Growth, and Identifying Best Methods of Analyzing Data from Tools like Mass Spectrometry When Studying Tumor Growth

Anuva B.

The use of Angiogenesis to treat Myocardial Infarction Injury

Jason L.

Mitigation of Plate Waste at Gunn

Quentin S.

Performance and game factors influencing the fluctuating ticket prices of NBA games

Katherine C.

Barriers to Reporting Sexual Harassment at Palo Alto High School

Alexa A.

What are the results of NAFTA for the U.S. and other participating countries in terms of GDP from small businesses, and what could this mean for high-capital industry in Palo Alto if the TPP goes into effect?

Isaac S.

How Levels of the EGFR Protein in Cells Relate to Cancer Rates

Isha R.

Environmental Social Justice: Superfund Sites

Benjamin M.

How Stealth Aircraft Can Reduce the Cross-Section of Sensor Fusion

Jamisen M

The Harmful Effects of Gentrification

Miguel G.

Anser Literary Journal

Joshua Y., Rachel S.

The Location of the Tank Transmission Over Time

Nick M.

How can scratch holograms be made more efficiently?

Alice Z.

Role Of Phagocytosis In The Treatment Of Brain Tumors

Aarti M.

Preventing Pedestrian-Involved Automobile Accidents Using Inexpensive Portable Warning Systems (PWS) Leveraging Technology Advancements in Sensors and Machine Learning Software

Akul D.

How can machine learning be used to analyze a website’s design by using data about human preferences based on age and/or gender? How can it provide insight on the website entrance's appeal to its target audiences?

Adnaan S.

Creativity in Education: Creativity Carts

Sam G.

What Tangible Impacts Does Underrepresentation Have on the LGBTQ Community?

Michael S.

Effects of Stereotyping in Type Casting on the Careers of Racial Minority Actors

Sarthak P.

The Effect of Marginal Income Tax Rates on the GDP of the U.S. from 1997 to 2017

William X

Harnessing the Power of the Ocean: Designing a Portable and Efficient Wave Energy Converter Prototype

Isabel S

Impact Of Music On The 8 Wellness Factors In High School Students

Ava S.

How does language used by retailers affect adolescent consumers?

Jacky M.

Interest Levels in Science Classes at Paly

Jonathan S.

Protections Against Pesticide Exposure for Farmworkers

Maya R.

Musical Machine Learning

Nicholas C.

How Does Race Influence Rates of Excessive Force Among Policing In the United States?

Cristian R.

How does the amount of sleep affect mood and performance of high school students?

Cameron D. & Elena W.

What is the effect of increasing deforestation on re-emerging diseases, specifically leptospirosis?

Paloma M.

Impacts of Zero Tolerance Policies in Education on Minorities and Students of Color

Shriya R.

Is America a Real Democracy or is the Political System Expolited by Money?

Zihao F.

Identifying Sequence Elements in the 5’UTR of mRNA that correlate with Translational Efficiency in H.Capsulatum

Annika V.

What are some of the effects of Natural products and substances, such as Panax ginseng, on tau pathology in Alzheimer’s Disease patients?

Lawerence C. & David S.

Food Security: A National Crisis

Virginia T.

Socioeconomic Impact of California Wild Fires and the Importance of Community Engagement in Land Management

Otto B

What is microPREP, and what are its potential uses?

Elizabeth W. & Andrew Y.

How is the globalization of social media and the rising prevalence of connectivity affecting the state of poverty in developing countries?

Dana Z.

What are the most effective ways of closing the achievement gap?

Maya D. H.

How can a transportation market optimize ways to dispatch drivers to passengers while maximizing efficiency and revenue?

Rachel C.

Design of Visual Recognition Software to Analyze Deep Brain Stimulation Video.

Xavier L.

The Impact of Social Media on Mental Health

Nura M.

Extrachromosomal DNA in Biofluids: A Biomarker of Cancer?

Yuhui W.

Sunshine (novel)

Haoning J.

Which tactics and ideologies of al-Qaeda and the Muslim Brotherhood work to achieve their respective goals, and which are counterproductive?

Jenna K.

How a Photovoltaic (PV) System is Planned and Funded, and the Impact of PV on the Local Community

Juan A.

How can companies strategically and tactically set the most optimized pricing structure for consumer products for both online stores and offline retail channels?

Michelle L.

Effectiveness of Music about Police Brutality in the Black Lives Matter Movement

Jordan P.

Use of Facial Recognition Technology in Law Enforcement

Sasha L.

Analyzing Different Prime Factorization Algorithms

Andrew C.

Environmental Racism

Ricardo L

The State of Arts Education in K-12 Public Schools

Kelsey L.

How Legislation Aimed at the LGBT Community Impacts the Frequency and Nature of Hate Crimes in the U.S.

Megan G.

Disparities in Female-Oriented Healthcare and Medical Research

Brooke H.

Using the science of Neuroplasticity, how long will it take to train the non-dominant hand to write as fast as the dominant hand dependent on age?

Akhil K.

Financial Inequality in SAT Scores

Max P.

How can computer technology be used to accurately assess walking balance disorders?

Sandhini A.

System 1 and System 2 Persuasion Tactics and Their Impacts on Secondary School Absenteeism

Aditya M.

Why Don't We Use Closed Captions?

Senja J

Study on the Effect of Doped Vertical Co, Ni, Fe Dimers in Pristine Graphene

Joshua C.

Educational Inequality in Lower Income Communities in the Bay Area

Gaurav T.

How Does Gender Have an Effect on the Wage of a Person Working in PAUSD and How Do the Wages Compare Between Genders?

Lulu G.

Using Ocean Waves to Generate Power

Isabel S.

How do the growth mindsets of Palo Alto High School students correlate with their susceptibility to gender stereotype threat?

Jeannette A.

What variables contribute to an entrepreneur's success? How can adolescents develop successful entrepreneurial characteristics?

Soumya J.

Do Adults With Bachelor's Degrees Tend To Earn More Money Than Adults With High School Experience Or Community College?

Blake E.

Analyzing Perception of Satisfaction of Artwork

Katie H.

The Oral History of Palo Alto Senior Citizens

Micaela W.

The Effect of Culturally Responsive Therapists for Minority Students

Noor N

Socioeconomic, Achievement Gap and University Enrolment

Nicole B.

Analyzing the Achievement Gap in the Bay Area

Alia J.

Why Digital Wallets Are Less Popular in the U.S. than in China

Audrey C.

What are the frequency trends of marijuana substance abuse among teenagers in California?

Annalise W. & Audrey L.

The Chester Project

Lindsey M

How can artificial intelligence affect user engagement in video games?

Kavi G.

The Effects of Particle Interactions on Nuclear Level Density and Temperature in the sd-space

Alex B.

Analyzing Former NBA Trades to Predict Upcoming Trades

Mihir G.

Environmental Education and It’s Outreach Due to COVID-19.

Molly O.

Unattainable Standards: How Fashion and Body Type Trends Create an Unrealistic Idea of Beauty

Erin V.

Impact of One-on-One Meetings for Low-Income PAUSD Families about A-G Requirements

Chloe L.

How Can the Effect of Covid-19 on Child Abuse Rates Help Identify the Root Causes of Child Abuse?

Georgia B.

What are the social and cognitive effects of using a dumbphone among adolescents?

Bryce D.

How Adoption of Cryptocurrencies (e.g., Bitcoin) as a Mainstream Form of Payment Might Be Affected as High-Frequency Trading Becomes More Prevalent Among Major Currencies

Aidan H.

Bystander Wariness: Gender-Based Behavioral Reaction to Bystander Response Laws and Victim Profiles

Quentin S.

How PAUSD Can Encourage Racial Diversity in Honors and AP STEM Classes

Chiara B.

What kind of peptide chain inhibitor can be created to suppress the FOXP3 transcription factor and impair the development of regulatory T cells?

William P.

Greenland Ice Sheet (GrIS) Margin Retreat Driven By Marine Outlet Glacier Activity

Arunim A.

Examining variables that measure seismic safety in Palo Alto High School's buildings.

Vivian W.

Determining Correlation Between Pediatric Cancer and Mental Health Outcomes in Adult Survivors

Isabella O.

Improving Sun Protection Through Education and Access-Based Interventions

Anna T.

Numerical Simulation of Excited Molecule Propagation to Determine Plasma Sterilization Effectiveness in a Lumen Device

Clair K.

How can Palo Alto Senior High school work to address gap in diversity within laned and unlaned classes?

Jessica W.

Analysis of Developing Countries in Southeast Asia

Christine T.

Effective Policies to Maximize Smartphone Utility in Classrooms

Jerry H.

Impact of Paris Climate Accords on CO2/GHG Emissions: Comparative Study of U.K. and Canada to Determine Best Practices

Ryan P.

What Is The Availability Of Mental Health Education And Supports For Middle Schoolers?

Anna T.

National Anthem Protests and the Effectiveness of the 2018 Nike Campaign in Raising Awareness about Racial Bias

Bakari S.

Inclusive Learning in Special Education

Sophia H

Impact of Gun Legislation on Gang-Related Violence

Miles B.

Testing Graph Theory's Usefulness in Creating New Materials with Expected Properties through Computational Experiments Through Quantum Espresso Computer Simulations

Frederick N.

RNA Folding with CoFold

Edward T.

Affordability of Medicine Within the United States

Julia C.

Testing Whether GANs Can Generate Photorealistic Images from Rough Sketches

Tianyue Z.

Effectiveness of Safety Technology on Military Aviation over the Past 100 Years: How Technologically Driven Reductions in Pilot Error Reduce the Number of Incidents

Oscar L.

Using R to analyze data from 500 patients with lung squamous cell cancer, which proteins have high expressions that correlate with low survival rates?

Arushi A.

What variables regarding team cohesion are related to the overall satisfaction of soccer players in the Bay Area?

Emily T.

How does prior knowledge of chemicals in pesticides affect consumer attitudes towards organic versus nonorganic food?

Adrienne K.

What Does the History of Real Estate Discrimination Look Like in the San Francisco Bay Area and How Has it Discriminated Against Minorities?

Kendall T.

Representation of Indigenous Peoples in K–Social Studies Curricula

Thomas L.

Anti-Trump Protests in Santa Clara County 2017-18

Dante K.

Black Abalone Restoration

Alana F.

Identifying Effective Sensor and Algorithm Pairs for Obstacle Avoidance in Self-Driving Cars

Kevin B.

How do sales/ marketing representatives use R&D investments to help market their products?

Serina N.

Tracking the Social Divide Between Special Education Students and General Education Students

Mattie O.

Can women living with HIV successfully carry a HIV negative baby to term? What variables affect the outcome?

Emma M. & Asa K.

Modelling Control Factors For Mosquitoes In Many Environments

Edward T.

Changing the Narrative: How Men Can Be Encouraged to Express Their Emotions

Adrien T.

What variables affect a book's popularity, specifically frequency of words?

Akansha G.

“Does Police Training Lead to Increases in the Use of Excessive Force Against Minorities?”

Ziggy T.

Developing a Better Litter Prevention Program

Julie C.

How Much Are Known Factors Correlated with Higher Risk of Alzheimer’s in African Americans Over the Age of 65 Compared to Other Ethnicities Over the Age of 65?

Emily W.

How can one construct a hydraulophone (instrument) that displays a visual representation of the sound it produces?

Josh C.

Underlying Causes of Incarceration and Preventing Recidivism

Darrow H.

Electric Regeneration in Electric Bikes

Miles S.

Mitigation of Modern Slavery in Santa Clara County

Justin S.

The Effectiveness of Different Types of Music in Decreasing Stress, Increasing Motivation and Confidence, and Improving Mood

Emily T.

Effectiveness and Availability of Equine-Assisted Psychotherapy for People with Mental Challenges in the Bay Area

Emma V.

AI Algorithm that Calculates the Heart Rate from an Electrocardiogram (ECG)

Allen L.

How has autism research developed in recent years?

Reza N.

The Effect of Surface Contouring on Capacitive Computer Keyboard Sensitivity

Ethan C.

Impact of Support Classes in PAUSD

Amy L.

How Does The Way California Fund Their Public Schools Affect Teaching And Learning In The South Central LA School Districts?

Karisa GM

Effective Methods for a Counselor-Based School Mental Health Program to Prevent Additional Suicide deaths After a Public Suicide in PAUSD

Claire B.

Is there a correlation between the rate at which a pulsar loses rotational energy and the non-thermal radiation and bulk kinetic energy of expansion of its supernova remnant?

Maya S.

The Impact of Interpersonal Relations on Teacher Turnover

Bridget L.

Using Melanoma Drug Treatment Data to Extract Clinical Insights

Jenny S.

How can natural language understanding techniques be applied to mimic human responses in spam email conversations?

Guatam M.

Water Bottling in Arrowhead Springs

K.C. F.

Sexism in Hollywood

Peter G.

How Different Kinds of Media Affect Perception of Mental Health

Oscar S.

Reasons for and Impacts of Schools Cutting Their Arts Programs

Alberto S.

Graphene Doping

Catherine L.

How Destructive Female Friendships Relate to Competition Between Women for Relationships and Professional Success

Sydney M.

Availability of Physical Therapy to America's Indigent Population, and How It Could be Used to Combat the Opioid Crisis

Jake V.

Strategies on Ending Child Marriage

Tyler V.

Identifying an Effective Semantic Segmentation Algorithm for Deforestation Analysis

Renee S.

Income Effects on Computer Science

Aizaak C.B.

Homelessness and the Opportunity Center of Palo Alto

Ellie W.

What are the correlations between different types of solar panels (monocrystalline, polycrystalline, and thin film) and the amount of energy output?

Veronica P.

Standardized Testing During the Coronavirus Pandemic

Heidi M.

Relationships between Sleep Patterns in Introversion/Extroversion

Ananya K.

Correcting Yoga Poses through Pose Estimation

Ziyue W.

How does writing capabilities compare between students with English Only background and students from non-English Only Background (English Learner, non-English speaking parents)?

Molly W.

How does embedding various metals in 6 by 6 sheets of boron nitride affect its properties?

Michael C. & Nihar M.

The Voluntary Transfer Program and the Racial Achievement Gap in PAUSD

Talia S.

How does economic status, location, and other factors impact patients suffering from various diseases such as Multiple Sclerosis (MS), traumatic brain injury, Parkinson's Disease, or stroke?

Amy W.

How Use of a Teen Mentoring Program Impacts the Academic Engagement of Third Graders

Bradley S.

How can a program be written to develop a percentage value for a stop loss on any security that minimizes loss (or maximizes profit), based on analysis of that security’s historical price?

Ayush G. & Robbie S.

Plastic Straws in the Environment

Michaela F.

Variations that Affect the Risk of Narcolepsy

Christine Z.

The Challenges of Creating an Environmentally Sustainable Company: with a Focus on the Reduction of Plastic Waste

Maxwell C.

Possible Effects of Complete Trade Isolation between the U.S. and China on the U.S. Economy

Lexy J

Using a Neural Network to Predict Social Media Reactions to the Aesthetic Qualities of an Image

Ramsey B

What variables affect women living in poverty in California from accessing reproductive health care? What would be the most effective ways to mitigate these variables to ensure equality in access to reproductive health care?

Avery P.

Social Support and SELF Ambassadors

Madeline L.

Non-Traditional Variables for Measuring the Stability of the Economy

Lawrence F.

Lessons from the USA's Entrepreneurial Successes

Aneesh A.

Comparing the Affordability of Patented and Brand-Name Prescription Drugs for the Average Citizen in Thailand vs. the U.S.

Julia C.

How can simulations be used to determine and minimize the causes and effects of wireless interference?

Rafi L.

How does a patient's emotions affect their cancer development?

Ronald O.

Stereotype Threat and Self-Affirmation in PAUSD

Kobi J.

Ending Patent Trolls

Reza N.

Reasons for High Dropout Rates in World Language Classes and How to Encourage Students to Continue in Language Education

Clare T.

How prevalent is liver cancer in the Asian community compared to other ethnicities and why?

Sam Y.

How does Kalman filter and a replacement of the PID control loop affect a robot’s ability to aim and shoot?

Rachel N.

Sustainable Plants in the Palo Alto Climate

Rahul K.

An Analysis of French and U.S Sino-centric Defense Policy by Examining the implementation of Unilateral Arms Embargoes by the Two Countries

Siddharth J.

Clothing Waste

Nina C.

How Does Social Construct Play a Role in the Rising Rates of Teenage Addiction?

Madeline S.

How can machine learning be used to teach a computer to create art?

Tyler P. & Josh S.

Mental Health in the Juvenile Justice System

Tyler M.

How the Grieving Process Differs for Children Who Have Lost Parents vs. Parents Who Have Lost Children

Mahati S.

Impact of STEM Literacy on SpringBoard to Kindergarten and Kindergarten Readiness

Brianna M.

Infrared Sensors on Self-Driving Cars

Kevin B.

How Does the Amount of Music Exposure or Experience Affect the Effect of Music Therapy for Alzheimer's Patients Over the Age of 60?

Rohini B.

The Impact of Community Gardening on Nutrition and Eating Habits

Kate O'C.

Portrayal of Characters in TV with Invisible Disabilities and the Effect of These Performances on Neurologically Atypical Viewers

Patille P.

How does providing full day kindergarten correlate with the achievement gap?

Kira E.

What variables affect video game popularity?

Ethan A.

What strategies can Palo Alto Unified School District (PAUSD) use to effectively reduce the amount of waste created and increase the efficiency in which waste is sorted (into recycling, compost, and landfill bins) on elementary, middle school, and high school campuses? Furthermore, what are the fiscal effects of reducing and sorting waste on PAUSD campuses?

Leila T.

Air Pollution in Palo Alto vs East Palo Alto

Alexandra L.

Analyzing Sounds Emitted by Motorized Vehicles

David S.

Identifying the Most Effective Single Agent for Treating Follicular Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma

Manya Z.

How to Optimize and Naturalize Computer-Designed Images

Andrew Z.

How Korean Beauty Empowers Women Entrepreneurs in the U.S.

Cindy G.

How Changes in Gene Expression Affect Phenotypes and Clinical Outcomes for Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Janet L.

How does the protein Ptch in the Hh pathway bond with cholesterol?

Youngju K.

Identifying the Connection Between Low Wages and Obesity in Santa Clara County

Dara H.

Identifying Effective Instructional Technology in 6-8 Education

Aditi P.

Improved Inclusion Between Students in General Education and Students Receiving Special Education Services at Palo Alto High School

Rachel L.

How can implementing t-shades and other renewable sources of energy affect Palo Alto Airport's sustainability?

Simran P.

Using Emotions to Improve Memorization

Isha R.

Infrared Sensor on Arduino Self-Driving Car

Kevin B.

Identifying Effective Methods to Encourage Households to Compost

Maya A.

Analyzing the optogenetically stimulated neurons in the Bed Nucleus of the Stria Terminalis (BNST) region of mice through behavioral testing and cell analysis

Neelima V.

How Carbon Emissions Affect Climate Change

Navid N.

How effective is personalized mentorship through technology?

Alice Y. Z.

Increasing Access to Higher Education for Low-Income Students

Sarah S.

What are the most significant environmental factors and genetic influences that increase the likelihood of developing Alzheimer’s disease?

Nathan R. & Micaela W.

How has the rise of pharmaceutical companies affected the progress on cancer drug development?

Matthew N.

Web Development and Maintenance in Small Businesses

Hannah Z.

How does has the innovation of the personal computer (a.k.a. creative destruction, market-creating innovation) affected industries in the past and present? What can we predict from other, more current, effects based on this knowledge?

Samir P.

Improving Animal Models Best Represent Alzheimer’s Disease

Iris H.

How can user mouse movement patterns be used to improve A/B testing?

Daniel C.

Idiopathic And PTSD-related Nightmare Disorder And Chronic Nightmares.

Asha M.

Measuring How Speech Patterns Differ in State Congressional Speeches Using Partisan and/or Regional Key Phrases

Nandita G.

What is the potential of machine learning in analyzing financial data to make better risk-informed decisions?

Nicholas Z.

Is Mask-Wearing Compliance in High-School Age Students Correlated with Self-Reported Anxiety Symptoms Compared to Students Who Do Not Wear a Mask?

Helena D.

What is a feasible financial plan for the Palo Alto Airport's next three Airport Days?

Cindy G.

Relationships Between NASA Budget Cuts and the Output of Spinoff Biomedical Engineering Projects, and How These Innovations Have Impacted the Medical World

Gemma S.

Shoe Startup Viability Within Their Respective Markets

Manu T.

Using AI to Improve Relations Between the United States and North Korea

Hyunwoo R.

Are 18-35 Year Old Women Who Are Seen as Attractive Presented with Significantly More Opportunity in their Careers Compared to Those Who Are Not Seen as So?

Lauren L

Economical Transport of Probes into Interstellar Space

Naveen T.

Awareness for Battered Woman Syndrome

Sofia M.

Environmental Impacts on the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Quantitative Analysis

Amelia Y.

Gender Equality in Sports Leadership & Athletic Participation

Neive W.

The Anonym Project

Yara S.

How can the exposure of classical music affect the condition of people with Alzheimer’s?

Mehrnaz M.

Name Changes for Social Change

Rachael V.

Voter Turnout Among Young Adults in Palo Alto

Zoe S.

Suppression of Votes in Low-Income Communities During the 2020 Primary Election

Krista R.

How 4D Printing, Smart Materials, and Self-Assembly Can Be Implemented Together to Protect Humans in Hostile Situations While in Space

Kaushik S.

Teacher Well-Being

Bridget L. and Kristina I.

What is the maximum plastic consumption of the average mealworm?

Jenilee C.

Business Owners and Mislabeling in the Seafood Industry

Varun D.

What is the most effective way to cross-sell Google Cloud Platform to Google Apps customers (and vice versa) to increase customer loyalty and engagement?

Annalee S.

How can statistics be used to better understand injuries to baseball athletes?

Jeremy A. & Niko L.

What are teen pregnancy risk factors?

Tiaira W.

Assistance for the Oglala Sioux Population

Natalia B.

Bringing Alignment to the Paly Campus

Sophie Y.

What are the social-emotional effects of laning at Palo Alto High School?

Matthew S.

How does inserting different transitional metal atoms into a 6 by 6 cell of silicene affect its catalytic properties?

Frederick N.

The Effects of Priming on Object Localization in the Visual Field

Edmund L.

An Effective Treatment For COVID-19: CRISPR

Mona P.

What variables affect low-income peoples' access to healthcare in California?

Caitlin D.

Identifying Post-Secondary Options

Damian A.

Comparing the quality of Chinese and English translations of Japanese text through studying two notable pieces of Japanese literature and their translations.

Cynthia Z.

How the Los Angeles Police Department Can Effectively Discern Racially Motivated Police Misconduct from a Justified Action

Esme S

How do semiconductor companies influence the economy?

Eric Y.

Volunteerism and Veterans' Morale

Kaitlin M.

How has the increased use of technology affect company's branding styles?

Anmol N. & Shannon Z.

How does the financial aid application affect higher education enrollment among students from low socioeconomic backgrounds?

Corinne S.

What are the factors behind the rising prescription drug prices in America?

Kathleen L. & Stephanie Z.

How do the nonviolent movement leaders Aung San Suu Kyi and Martin Luther King intersect?

Julia C.

"Pasung" Shackling the Mentally Ill in Indonesia

Dhesya S.

Managing Flood Damage for East Palo Alto

Siddhant A.

How do different teaching styles affect student engagement in middle school math classes?

Nicole L.

What algorithms power self-driving vehicles’ fully autonomous driving systems?

Michael B.

How can a decision tree help guide patients through consideration for the different walking devices available to them?

Lydia T. & Amy W.

The Gender Gap in Autism Research

Siena AB.

Racial Disparity in Standardized Testing

Charlotte C.

Analysis of Variance for Rubik's Cube Solving Speed

Kepler B.

Given partial observations of a natural image, can a network be trained that can accurately predict the missing portion to a realistic standard?

Kevin F.

Impacts of Social Media on Political Polarization in People Ages 18-30

Vinay R.

The Relationship Between a Culture of Happiness, Mental Health, and Emotional Health Among Silicon Valley Youth

Emily C.

Impact of Security Treats on Country Debt Defaults

Ben S.

Differences between American and European Ideas of a "Gap Year"

Charlie W

Signs Reagan Writing and Speaking Show Indicating Early Signs of Alzheimer's

Maxwell K

Education and Inclusion for Students with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities in Postsecondary Education

Hyewon A.

The Effect of Embedding Transition Metals on the Spintronic Properties of Graphene Ribbons

Michael C.

How do the effects of subliminal perception impact gender-neutral advertisements?

Alicia C.

Effectiveness of Academic Support/Resources post DreamCatchers

Katherine B.

How Tobacco and Vaping Advertisements Target Young Adults in Low Socioeconomic Communities

Hanna C.

Connection between Contamination of Coastlines and Surf Break Pollution

Alex W.

How Teaspoon Collect Consumer Information to Better Target Marketing

Ashley P.

Improving Effective Use of Existing Technology in Public Schools

Vivian N.

Impact of Online Resources on Math Achievement in Middle School

Jay R.

How Silicon Valley Companies Can Provide More Job Opportunities to Local Residents

Jenna O.

How can stem cell therapy be used to help stroke patients recover?

Ankita A.

Understanding gut bacteria’s effect on the onset of neurodegenerative diseases

Wendy X. and Christine Z.

How Employee Benefits Affect Company Productivity

Amy W.

How Social Media Affects Gender Equality

Riya S.

Gardening and Student Health

Benjamin A.

How a Systematic Process of Collecting and Presenting Evidence in Court Can Be Installed in the United States to Increase the Reliability of Forensic Science

Anna T.

What variables affect students' educational aspirations and confidence?

Jack F.

Why Students in a High Achieving Suburban High School Do Not Seek Mental Health Support

Samantha L.

How Social Factors, Such as Discrimination and Racial Profiling, Affect the Achievement Gap in Majority White Schools

Sarah M

How Variation in Response to Medication due to CYP450 Enzymes Affects Adverse Drug Reaction Rates (in Terms of Health and Healthcare Costs) Through Prevention of Adverse Drug Reaction?

Renee S.

Minority Presence in Journalism

Hannah D.

What are the differences between the various types of abuse (i.e. physical, emotional, sexual, etc) and what kinds of impact can child abuse have on people later in their life?

Maya T. H. & Ashley Z.

How does post-secondary education affect PAUSD graduates?

Meghna S.

Youth-Driven Mental Health Programs

Madeline B.

What variables affect the Palo Alto community's response to homelessness?

Jordan S.

What ways can we reuse water so that it’s safe to drink?

Mina K. & Bethany S.

How the Length of DNA Multimers Influences the Efficiency of Transforming the Bacteria Bacillus Subtilis

Joy H., Stephanie Z.

Determining the Best Post-Graduation Options for High School Students Using Self-Interest Inventories and Research

Brandon P

Does relativity affect voter preferences in primary and local elections?

Avi T.

How Different Types of Unstable Housing Situations Lead to Distinct Health Outcomes Among HIV/AIDS Patients who Experience Housing Insecurity

Alexandra S.

What are effective measure PAUSD community members can take to reduce teen stress in PAUSD?

Tanner N.

Economic Gardens

Jeremiah C.

What is the most efficient way to dispatch taxis to optimize time and maximize revenue?

Rachel C.

What novel stem cell and prostate cancer biomarkers located on the cell surface can researchers and clinicians use as therapeutic targets?

Jenica W.

Solar Panels at Paly

Keenan L.

The Future of Women’s Rights in Nigeria: A Study on the Impact of Culture on Sexism in Nigeria

Angelica N.

How does the diversity of a classroom affect the mindset of students? How do the mindsets of HUR students compare to others?

Kaitlin C., Ahana G., & Zahra M.

Case Study of Bay Area Entrepreneurs

Lara N.

What are the daily effects of familial hypercholesterolemia and other inherited heart diseases on patients?

Ria S. & Brian C.

What are the pros and cons of stem cells and gene therapy when used to cure blindness?

Ankur M. & Edward T.

Testing Whether Marangoni Flows Are Caused by Evaporation and Gravity or Liquid Composition

Hunter N.

How has the role of African American females in television, movies, and plays evolved over time? What variables affected this evolution?

Nadia L.

Affordable Compared to Luxury Drug Rehabilitation Centers Through Meditation

Declan K.

Are High School Students With Higher Family Income More Likely To Continue With Competitive Sports Than Students With A Lower Family Income?

Aidan R.

Wolbachia Spread Simulation

Bryan T.

Mandatory Computer Science in School

Nathan C.

The Connection Between Art and Autism

Waverly L.

In addition to the price to earnings ratios dominant effect on a stock’s price, does a company’s balance sheet information, namely, cash flow, have a further effect?

Daniel Z.

How do Climate Change and Climate-Related Disasters Impact Minorities Disproportionately in the US?

Gretchen B.

The Perceived Safety of Girls in Palo Alto

Lilli C.

Impact of Connection between Concussions and Mental Health on Football Programs

Hazel S.

How People from Low Socioeconomic Backgrounds Experience Barriers to Entry for a Youth Soccer Club

Kenzo M.

How have frozen conflicts in Eastern Europe be developed in the past 10 years? Are these frozen conflicts permanent in nature, or can they be resolved?

Tara M.

How Does the Justice System Disproportionately Affect Prisoners with Mental Health Issues in How They are Treated by Correctional Officers Along with the Resources They Have in Southern Prisons?

Erin F.

Cross-Comparison of Thraco-Pelasgian with Lycian

Aosheng P.

The Increase of Anti-semitism and Suggested Modern Responses

Ella B.

Analyzing Guard-on-Inmate Sexual Violence in Women’s Correctional Facilities

Ria R.

Self-Folding Robots: How They Work and What Applications They Have

Allison Y.

ADHD Treatments Options: Information, Accessibility, And Awareness

Alex S.

What is the effect of using actergy as a metric on developing muscle training and sports performance?

Sean L.

The Effectiveness of Breathing Techniques in Improving Athletes' Mindsets and Resilience to Failure

Ellie J.

How Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Causing Mutations in the Lever Arm of the Myosin Motor Affect the Function of the Myosin

Michael C.

Differences Between an Underground Artist and a Mainstream Artist

Exodus T.

Harnessing the Power of the Ocean: Designing a Portable and Efficient Wave Energy Converter

Isabel S.

An Empirical Approach to the Measurement Problem of Quantum Mechanics

Quinn M.

Universal Preschool and its Relation to Closing the Achievement Gap

Isabella K.

How Toxicity and Gender Change the Way People Play Games Before the Game Even Starts

Alex A.

Testing the Link Between Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and HIV

Andres B.

The Effectiveness of the Autism Superpower Glasses on Blind Individuals

Lauren C.

The Effects of Stress on Working Memory in High School Students

John L.

What measures can students take to effectively alleviate academic pressure and stress? How effective is the therapy-duo model in reducing academic pressure and stress?

Timothy L.

What affect meditation have on perceptions of pain?

Elizabeth C.

Causes of Stigma Against Students with ADHD in Palo Alto and How to Counter Them

Margaret L.

Making Meaning Through Self Portraits

Naomi S.

Water Filtration and Purification

Richard L. & Caroline L.

How Political Isolation Affects Political Polarization

Sophie A.

AAR Student Projects