Advanced Authentic Research

Projects (2019-20)

Business

Impact of Security Treats on Country Debt Defaults

This paper examines whether countries that face greater international security threats are less likely to default on their sovereign debt.This research will provide clarity on how possible and actual conflict affects financial policy. Two datasets—one mapping sovereign debt defaults for the past 200 years and one that records all instances of any form of military disputes for the same time... Read More

Social Science

Assessing Needs of PAUSD Title IX Reporting Process

Palo Alto Unified School District received a letter of findings from the Department of Education in March of 2017 detailing their violations of Title IX (a law prohibiting discrimination on the basis of sex), including failure to provide “a prompt and equitable response to notice of peer sexual harassment” (ED, 2017). The Resolution Agreement Survey was administered to high school students in... Read More

Social Science

Assistance for the Oglala Sioux Population

There is a problem in Native American Reservations and their living conditions. Despite the Indian Housing Authority’s efforts, there are 90,000 under housed or homeless Native Americans. The Pine Ridge Reservation is 2,000,000 acres. Pine Ridge is the site of many events, they mark history between the Sioux and The United States. The project will include having a donation drive. Anyone can... Read More

Social Science

Autism and Poverty

At least 1 in 59 children are on the autism spectrum in the U.S. (CDC, 2019). These rates are likely higher in low-income communities. People with autism are at a higher risk for ADHD, sleep disorders, anxiety, depression, epilepsy, schizophrenia, and obesity. There are no papers on PubMed, the world’s leading medical database, that compare CBT, ABA, and RDI (three treatment methods). Such a... Read More

Social Science

Awareness for Battered Woman Syndrome

This project will be trying to find a way to change the criteria for battered woman syndrome so that it encompasses the whole experience of battered women. The narrow definition limits the amount of people who can use it in court to claim self-defense when killing an abuser preemptively. As a result, woman are being charged for murder. This project will focus on how to increase awareness for... Read More

Social Science

California Higher Education Applications and Equity

This project dives into the different unfair disadvantages of people of color in California's higher education system. This will involve areas like income, location, and standardized testing. This research is seaking to understand to find ways of leveling the playing field for people affected by these disadvantages.

Social Science

Causes of the Gender Equity Gap in Palo Alto Youth Athletics

This research projects aims to answer the question: How do the reasons that girls in Palo Alto stop playing sports differ from boys, and is there a correlation between gender of a coach and duration of participation in that sport for girls? Quantitative and qualitative data about the reasons athletes started/stopped playing sports, how long they participated, and what the gender of their... Read More

Social Science

Educational Inequality in Lower Income Communities in the Bay Area

The economic increase of the Bay Area due to the growth of the tech sector has lead to unparalleled wealth across the Bay Area. Despite this growth, that wealth has not been spread evenly across the Bay Area and there are many communities across the Bay Area that are considered low income. Across the US and the rest of the world, economic inequality often leads to a discrepancies in... Read More

Social Science

Effectiveness of Academic Support/Resources post DreamCatchers

Dreamcatchers is a tutoring resource for low-income middle school students in PAUSD. This year, Dreamcatchers does not have plans to inform parents of the academic resources available to their children in/outside of PAUSD when they can no longer attend Dreamcatchers.This project aims to give these parents information on these resources and give them a pre and post-survey to evaluate the... Read More

Social Science

Financial Inequality in SAT Scores

My research project focuses on how the SAT and ACT are heavily skewed to benefit students whose families can afford extra preparation for these tests. In order to look further into potential solutions for this problem, this project seeks to set up complimentary SAT prep courses that would be provided at Paly during tutorial and monitor its impact.

Social Science

Healthy Food Practices and Community Gardening in Low-Income Communities

This project will examine the impact of community gardening on eating practices in low-income communities. Currently, research suggests that a large disparity in healthy food practices exists between the levels of healthy eating practices in high and low-income communities, with dangerous health ramifications. Community gardens, pieces of land gardened and developed by a community of... Read More

Social Science

Identifying Connections between Pediatric Cancer and Mental Health Outcomes

In the U.S., an estimated 15,780 children under 19 are diagnosed with cancer each year, and there is a problem with lasting effects on survivors of pediatric cancer. Despite the fact that most survivors remain healthy for decades, the mental and psychological effects of past treatment and experience still exist. This problem has negatively impacted victims of pediatric cancer because of... Read More

Social Science

Identifying Misconceptions Around the Correlation Between Circadian Rhythm and Physical Wellbeing at Palo Alto High School

There has been research in the past that proves the correlation between one's circadian rhythm and their physical wellbeing. Despite such research, many are unaware of the findings. The goal of this research project is to uncover some common misconceptions around sleep by analyzing survey data. By doing this, I also hope to find solutions to address these misconceptions so students will be a... Read More

Social Science

Identifying Post-Secondary Options

For many high school students, it feels as if the options for what to do after high school are limited, especially for students who do not graduate with the A-G requirements; so this project will discover other available options for a student interested in careers out of high school.

Social Science

Identifying the Connection Between Low Wages and Obesity in Santa Clara County

This project focuses on some of the causes of obesity. The research will focus on the correlation between wages in Santa Clara County and what solutions may be implemented to help lower the obesity rate. The problem of obesity is extensive and needs to be resolved as higher BMI rates can lead to diabetes, heart disease, and many types of cancer. The obesity rate in the Santa Clara County... Read More

Social Science

Impact of Anti-Vaccination Movement on Public Understanding of Science

Despite decades of scientific research, many still have reservations about the safety, efficacy and morality of immunization. However, most of these reservations are based off of false or incorrectly interpreted information. Through research on the spread of this information, this project aims to help educators better understand why and how this information is spread, and what can be changes... Read More

Social Science

Impact of Best Practices Developed in Co-Taught Classrooms

This project aims to investigate behavioral tactics and best practices for peer relationships between students in general education and students in special education at Palo Alto High School. Through action and needs-assessment research, a resource packet will be compiled of best practices discovered by conducting co-teacher and special education professional interviews. This resource will... Read More

Social Science

Impact of Gun Legislation on Gang-Related Violence

This project will be a multi-variable analysis of the root cause of gang-related gun violence in Chicago. It will examine how Chicago and neighboring states such as Indiana and Wisconsin view firearms and how that translates to their state legislature. In addition, the project will look at how and why gangs still operate in a city where firearm laws are stronger than surrounding areas.

Social Science

Impact of Literacy Programs on Elementary Students Achievement Gap

This paper explores the causes, impacts, and attempted solutions of literacy development and the literacy achievement gap between students from historically underrepresented ethnic groups and students from other ethnic groups. It details the plan for a study that would research features in literacy programs and how they affect this achievement gap, as well as how effective these features are... Read More

Social Science

Impact of Music Education on the Achievement Gap

Numerous studies have shown that students who learn musical instruments perform better at certain executive functioning tests. At the same time, schools in low-income neighborhoods are cutting their art and music programs due to a lack of funding. This research project aims to answer whether the disparity in access to music education between low-income and wealthy students affects the... Read More

Social Science

Impact of One-on-One Meetings for Low-Income PAUSD Families about A-G Requirements

Despite PAUSD's stellar reputation, only about 37% of low-income students in PAUSD are meeting A-G requirements and are deemed “college ready” and eligible for UCs. Not meeting A-G requirements makes it significantly harder for students to receive a college education and rise out of poverty. Parent communication and involvement has been proven to positively impact students, so this project... Read More

Social Science

Impact of Online Resources on Math Achievement in Middle School

This project attempts to determine the ways in which middle schoolers use technology in relation to their education and build on those foundations to positively impact their math achievement. This project will survey students and hold focus groups with their teachers to determine the best ways to support them. Based on these two sources of input, additional online resources will be recommended... Read More

Social Science

Impact of Support Classes in PAUSD

There is a prevalent academic achievement gap in PAUSD. Research has shown that non-accelerating workshop classes that schools put low-achieving students in are actually not beneficial towards these students. This research project looks at academic planning classes in PAUSD and wants to find the impact these support classes have, and whether or not it actually closes the achievement gap.

Social Science

Implementation of Meditation of Drug Rehabilitation Centers

One of the major problems in the drug rehabilitation system is that the amenities that a facility offers is widely different based on the price point. This causes vast disparities in the treatment a patient receives. This project aims to see if this has a relation to the implementation of meditation.

Social Science

Improving Sun Protection Through Education and Access-Based Interventions

A deadly and common disease with a simple solution: skin cancer. Certain groups, such as low-income or dark-skinned groups, are particularly susceptible to the development of skin cancer due to lack of access to sun protection or lack of education about sun protection. An educational intervention has been found to increase the likelihood of future sun protection. The hypothesis is hat pairing... Read More

Social Science

Maintaining Consumer Satisfaction for NBA Teams

Dynamic pricing has been in effect with airline companies and other industries for many years but has relatively recently been applied to sporting events. In order to maximize revenue, many teams use dynamic pricing, which depends upon a variety of factors. This project aims to find the factors that most affect a change in price, as well as develop the ideal algorithm that maximizes a team's... Read More

Social Science

Maximizing Older Adult Enjoyment of Recreational Activities through Analysis of Developmental Psychology

Despite the many ways to occupy older adults, aged 65 to 95, with recreational activities, it is difficult to please everyone. Activities for older adults are essential to maintain a healthy mental and physical state. The goal of this research project is to design ideal recreational programs for older adults. Through analyzing the study of developmental psychology, the common core values of... Read More

Social Science

Mitigation of Disproportionate Air Pollution in East Palo Alto

This research project is about the disproportionate affects of air pollution in communities of lower socioeconomic status, especially in East Palo Alto, Belle Haven, and Ravenswood. Air pollution is a major problem because it has lots of long and short term health effects, like asthma. Communities of lower socioeconomic status experience more air pollution then other communities, so this... Read More

Social Science

Opportunity Center in Palo Alto Ability to Meet the Needs of the Local Homeless Population

This research project will observe the Opportunity Center in Palo Alto. Data will be collected, as well as interviews from workers at the Center. From the collected data, it will be determined how effective the Opportunity Center is in serving the local homeless population.

Social Science

Pediatric Oncologists and Families of Terminally-ill Children Under the Age of 19

Pediatric Oncologists come face to face with difficulty when it comes to working with families of terminally-ill patients. Even though many children with terminally-ill diseases should be given the same resources as adults to alleviate their pain, about “80% of children dying with cancer in this country are still suffering, and their symptoms are not being adequately palliated (Wolfe, 2000).... Read More

Social Science

Process and Impact of Reporting Sexual Assaults in a University Setting

One in 5 women and one in 16 men are sexually assaulted in college but over 90% of college sexual assault victims do not report the assault (National Sexual Violence Resource Center, 2018). Despite protocols put in place by universities to make reporting sexual assaults more efficient and effective, a lack of reporting is occurring. This will be researched using action research, a needs based... Read More

Social Science

Small Clothing and Shoe Startups Manage to Compete in Their Respective Markets

Over the past few decades, the shoe market has become one of the hardest markets to break through. Mega-companies such as Adidas and Nike have become so large that they crush out any new opposition, resulting in a monopoly. Many times, these top brands don’t necessarily have the highest quality or best looking shoe, but still manage to make the most profit, raising the question of why the top... Read More

Social Science

Socioeconomic, Achievement Gap and University Enrolment

Many students from Latin and African American backgrounds will become first-generation students once they reach a four-year university. The first generation group is defined as a group of students who will be the first in their families to go to college. While they make up 30% of a college class, many families lack the resources to be educated on what they need to make it to a four-year... Read More

Social Science

Stereotype Threat and Self-Affirmation in PAUSD

This project will examine how stereotype threat affects historically underrepresented minority students in the PAUSD middle schools. The project examines how negative stereotypes about the ethnicity of a student causes that student to perform worse in school. The project also evaluates a potential curriculum to address this issue, self-affirmation curriculum, which promotes the individual... Read More

Social Science

Strategies on Ending Child Marriage

Child marriage, or “any formal marriage or informal union where one or both of the parties are under 18 years of age,” is a human rights violation and must be stopped. What strategies to end child marriage have been the most impactful thus far? Moving forward, how can/should organizations dedicated to ending child marriage refocus their efforts? Is there opportunity for them to work more... Read More

Social Science

Subliminal Influences Aimed at Secondary School Students

Chronic absenteeism: the state of lacking 10% or more of school days in a given academic year, has been an issue for as long as modern education. In 2016-2017, approximately 7 million students (16% of all students) were chronically absent. Henry M. Gunn High School has a ~5% chronic absentee rate, with some of those figures contributed by the aptly named "strategic absentees": those who cut a... Read More

Social Science

The Increase of Anti-semitism and Suggested Modern Responses

There is a problem with modern increases in anti-semitism. Education is a possible remedy for this. This project aims to educate students about the increasingly nuanced modern anti-semitism by gathering qualitative data in the form of stories from Jews of older generations.

Social Science

The Influence of Social Media on Teenagers' Perceptions of Healthy Relationships

This research study is aiming to determine whether social media has any negative effects on teenagers' perceptions of what healthy relationships are. It is important that teenagers understand what healthy and unhealthy relationships are so they can keep themselves and their peers safe. By hosting workshops and administering pre- and post-workshop surveys, the study will collect qualitative... Read More

Social Science

The Internets Affect on the Purposes of Public Libraries and Demographics of Their Visitors

As the internet develops and becomes the primary information source for most people, the functions of public libraries tend to be overlooked. However, public libraries have its importance to the communities, as it encourages literacy and provides an academic environment for studying. This research aims to gather opinions of librarians from different public libraries, from whom we are able to... Read More

Social Science

The Perceived Safety of Girls in Palo Alto

This project is based on finding differences between boys and girls perceived safety. If there is one, why? And how can they be made to feel safer? To collect data, girls and boys will be surveyed to determine if there is a difference between their answers. This survey is the basis of the project and will lead to action research. Following the survey, participants will receive a hand out “... Read More

Social Science

The Relationship Between a Culture of Happiness, Mental Health, and Emotional Health Among Silicon Valley Youth

There have been studies on the negative effects of the modern culture of happiness on mental health, as well as the correlation between mental and emotional health. However, no one has ever studied how all three factors are interrelated, especially in a technology hub like Silicon Valley, where optimism and positive attitudes are especially strong. Given the views held toward negative emotions... Read More

Social Science

Volunteerism and Veterans' Morale

The aim of this project is to increase veteran morale in the Palo Alto community. Through research it has been determined that high levels of patriotism is correlated with high levels of veteran morale. Patriotism is a very broad concept that is hard to define. Therefore, a previously identified component of patriotism will be studied. When a nationwide survey was done regarding patriotism in... Read More

Social Science

Why Many Gunn Students Choose Not to Talk to Professionals about Their Mental Health

While the discussion of mental health is becoming increasingly normalized, it can still be a sensitive topic. Gunn High School offers many resources and programs that promote mental health awareness. However, according to the Wellness Center at school, many students still refrain from discussing their mental health issues, such as anxiety, stress, or depression, with professionals. But why?... Read More

STEM

4ai: Accessibilty Nonprofit

15% of the Earth's population, or one billion people worldwide, have a disability. Despite a diverse community, people with disabilities face discrimination in various facets of life. Employment discrimination against people with disabilities includes varied workplaces, including the field of AI. This research project has lead to the founding of 4ai, a certified 501(c)(3) nonprofit that aims... Read More

STEM

A Transcriptome-wide Analysis to Determine Translational Efficiency in the Pathogenic Form of Histoplasma Capsulatum

Despite the fact that we have noted several determinants of translational efficiency of the fungi, we have still not come up with efficient predictive algorithms to correlate these features to translational efficiency. Not being able to predict the translational efficiency of the Histoplasma fungi will curb possibilities to regulate the amount of protein produced. This is crucial as the fungi... Read More

STEM

Connection between Contamination of Coastlines and Surf Break Pollution

This project will focus on whether the testing of water will lessen the contamination of coastlines, specifically in Pilar Point Harbor in Half Moon Bay, in order to pinpoint and reduce the consequences of pollution at surf breaks. The project will analyze data on both water quality (quantitative) and where it appears to be coming from (qualitative) and analyze data.

STEM

Design and Impact of Human Ankle Devices

This project concerns the development of a device designed to augment the function of the human ankle during standard locomotion (standing and walking primarily). A series of CAD models are created and tested to identify the system's critical design features. Then, a process for the construction of that system with off the shelf components is proposed.

STEM

Designing a Sustainable Residential House that Incorporates Palo Alto’s Climate and Environment to Reduce Utility Fees

There is a problem with the utility rates going up annually in Palo Alto. In order to support the utility companies that are trying to upgrade and rebuild their water and gas systems for beneficial reasons, Palo Alto, a customer for these companies, is required to contribute to the project's cost. When coupled with increased rates in every utility component, the average residential utility... Read More

STEM

Extrachromosomal DNA in Biofluids: A Biomarker of Cancer?

About one in three people will be diagnosed with cancer at some point in their lives (“Cancer Statistics,” 2018). Yet, the mutation that caused the tumor’s formation may differ from one patient to another. My research focuses on how extrachromosomal DNA in biofluids can serve as biomarkers in cancer. Sequencing the mutation from ecDNA is a less-invasive detection method with high accuracy in... Read More

STEM

Groundwater Depletion in Aquifers

Across the country, groundwater in aquifers, or underground water reservoirs, has been depleting at a very high rate. This is primarily due to the over-pumping of groundwater from aquifers for human services such as irrigation, domestic uses, and mining. Such depletion has lasting and negative effects on both human and wildlife populations. This research project will investigate the various... Read More

STEM

Harnessing the Power of the Ocean: Designing a Portable and Efficient Wave Energy Converter

The ocean is full of unharnessed, clean energy. This research project is the continuum of two years worth of investigation that has been trying to build a device that generates electricity from the power of waves. The goal of this research is to make it efficient, small-scale, and easy-to-use for people without access to electricity. Many prototypes have been built and are currently in beta in... Read More

STEM

HPV Vaccine Safety, Treatments, and Usage

In the United States, over 14 million people are getting infected with HPV every year. HPV, Human Papillomavirus, is a common sexually transmitted disease among women and men. This research project will go in-depth about the safety and severe side effects of the vaccine, although it only happens very rarely, and the frequency in which it occurs. This research will also cover different medical... Read More

STEM

Impact of Nutrition on ADHD

This project will survey physicians to find the prevalence of sustainable treatments like nutrition are in reducing prevalence of ADHD symptoms and how to increase awareness of treatment options to patients diagnosed with ADHD.

STEM

Impact of Paris Climate Accords on CO2/GHG Emissions: Comparative Study of U.K. and Canada to Determine Best Practices

The Paris climate agreement, created in 2016 by the UNFCCC, created a goal to reduce global emissions by 80% by 2050. The U.K. and Canada are developed countries expected to lead these efforts. Both countries have released climate action plans to combat climate change. This research project will aim to determine their actions' effectiveness in combating climate change by measuring the... Read More

STEM

Indoor pollution and cooking

This research project is about indoor pollution and cooking. Today, about 4.6 million people die each year due to air pollution. Air pollution can be linked to many different types of diseases. One of the most serious diseases is lung cancer. This project will address indoor pollution that is caused by cooking and may be linked to lung cancer. An experiment will be conducted to test the... Read More

STEM

Infrared Sensor on Arduino Self-Driving Car

This research project will focus on constructing a self-driving model car using an Arduino along with infrared and ultrasound sensors. The infrared sensors are used to specifically detect heat sources, which simulate living creatures in the path of the car, while the ultrasound sensors are used to determine the actual distance between the object and the car. In the end, the car is expected to... Read More

STEM

Making the Autism Superpower Glass Accessible to Blind Individuals

The Autism Superpower Glasses from Stanford, serve as a communication aid, catered towards children impacted with autism. The research tests how effective the Superpower Glasses are on blind individuals and what changes can be made so that the glasses are accessible to the blind population as well.

STEM

Managing Flood Damage for East Palo Alto

The San Francisquito Creek of East Palo Alto flooded 20 years ago, costing millions of dollars in damage costs. The most common method of flood management is building levees or walls to prevent the water from escaping the creek. However, many city or state government programs ignore factors such as climate change and unintended consequences such as flooding upstream of the newly build levees.... Read More

STEM

Musical Machine Learning

Recent work in the computer science field of music information retrieval (MIR) has demonstrated the ability of machine learning to analyze and automatically generate musical phrases, lyrics, and accompaniments. The goal of this research project is to implement techniques in an optimized, web-accessible interface. By providing initial direction for the music, the machine learning model(s) would... Read More

STEM

Responsiveness of Glioblastoma Cell Lines to Phagocytosis

The purpose of this project is to gain insight into cancer biology and understand the relationship between glioblastoma and the body’s immune system. The way this will be done is by conducting phagocytosis assays on established glioblastoma cell lines and macrophages to see if the phagocytosis rate in macrophages increases. This experiment will be conducted in vitro and in vivo. The in vivo... Read More

STEM

Single Cell Analysis in Melanoma

Melanoma is the most deadly form of cancer, and is the leading cause of cancer death in young women ages 25-30 and the second leading cause of cancer death in women ages 30-35. Scientists are developing novel treatment options, but there is not enough data on patients to predict how they will respond to the therapies and treatments for melanoma. For example, around 40%-45% of melanoma patients... Read More

STEM

Social Chatbots Efficacy in Making Interactions with Autistic Users Under 18 in Comparison to Psychotherapy

This research project is going to determine the effectiveness of social chatbot. Autistic users are individuals that have challenges in communicating verbally or socially with surrounding people. This is because autistic individuals tend to talk about particular topics that only they are interested in, which is sometimes difficult for others to keep up. However, a chatbot can more likely... Read More

STEM

Sustainability in Silicon Valley Companies

Environmental pollution is a rapidly growing problem that threatens the livelihood of our entire planet. To tackle this problem, companies in Silicon Valley and other places in the world have been working towards becoming fully sustainable by finding creative ways to reduce or re-purpose waste. This research project will conduct interviews with eco-friendly companies in Silicon Valley to... Read More

STEM

The Ability to Pinpoint Locations in the Visual Field by Priming on Subjects

Research has shown that humans have individual locational visual perception differences, such that individual subjects will make repeated similar errors when attempting to locate points in the same relative position in their visual field. Individual differences in object localization allow us to generate a localization map specific to users, which has been done in the past. This project takes... Read More

STEM

The use of Angiogenesis to treat Myocardial Infarction Injury

Myocardial Infarction, also known as a heart attack, is a fatal heart condition that affects many people in the U.S. Caused by blocked arteries or veins, which limits blood flow to the heart, the result is massive tissue death even after resuscitation. The death of cardiac tissue weakens the heart muscle and leaves the victims open to heart diseases and secondary heart attacks, lowering their... Read More

STEM

Understanding gut bacteria’s effect on the onset of neurodegenerative diseases

This research project will study the connection between the gut microbiome alterations and contributing proteins, such as Tau and beta-amyloid, alpha-synuclein, and Huntingtin, analyzing their specific structure and function in Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, and Huntington’s diseases respectively. Previous studies have shown a possible relationship between gut microbiome bacteria and the eventual... Read More

Humanities

Benefits of Teens Maintaining a Paid Job in Silicon Valley, California

In this day and age, many adolescents view work to be a drag. On the contrary, maintaining a job through adolescence is so much more than what meets the eye. In fact, what you don’t see is all the skills an adolescent gains to become a functioning member of society. The adult-like environment not only prepares adolescents for the future but teaches them firsthand how to succeed in the... Read More

Humanities

A Personal Memoir

Words are how we express ourselves; they are how we connect with others and ourselves. This year, I composed a series of intertwined short stories that are based largely on my own experiences. These stories helped me come to terms with who I am now and how the years leading up to now(both key events and buried memories) impact the way I make decisions and navigate relationships with others.... Read More

Humanities

Displaying and Selling Art Made by San Quentin Death Row Inmates

Currently, there are 2.3 million people incarcerated in the United States and 4.6 million people living under probation. Displaying and selling art made by the prisoners can be an effective strategy in tackling mass incarceration and rising recidivism rates. This research project has acquired 100+ pieces of artwork created by men living on San Quentin’s Death Row. The goal of this project is... Read More

Humanities

Examining Human Behavior at the Scene of an Emergency in the Context of Good Samaritan and Duty to Aid Legislation

In this world, many people consider themselves “Good Samaritans”—bystanders who help victims in an emergency. Especially if paramedic response time is slow, this aid can be the difference between life and death. Even still, fewer than 3% of victims actually receive bystander support in any form on the streets. This study examines whether a bystander’s knowledge of state law regarding bystander... Read More

Humanities

Politics of Alto High School Social Justice Students

This research project will study the social justice pathway and political polarization. The research will be conducted in two phases. The first phase will be an experiment measuring the blind party alliance of students and then conducting interviews with the teachers of the classes. The least blind party alliance and finding will show how teachers create classrooms where students feel... Read More

Humanities

The Location of the Tank Transmission Over Time

This research project will analyze the location of the transmission of the tank transmission over the interwar to world war two period. Over that period time, the transmission location on most tanks was not consistent even between generational upgrades, so research teams must have found a reason why. This project will investigate the reasons for the transmission being where it is throughout... Read More

Humanities

The Strengthening of Taiwan's Democratic Institutions Over the Past 20 Years

Taiwan has been facing the challenge of balancing democracy and security in between the Chinese government and Taiwanese citizens. This research will be targeting the election issues of the 2000 and 2020 campaign to raise awareness of the importance of democracy through researching the election data and databases.

Humanities

Unattainable Standards: How Fashion and Body Type Trends from 1900 to the Present created an Unrealistic Idea of Beauty

In our society, there is constant and universal pressure to look a certain way. The standard of attractiveness that impacts people now, however, has varied drastically since the start of the 20th century. Interestingly, fashion trends correlate with body types considered desireable throughout time, cementing of the standard of beauty with every change. This project focuses on the portrayal of... Read More

Humanities

Voter Turnout Among Young Adults in Palo Alto

In all recent Presidential elections, young people under 25 have voted at lower rates than other ages. This is problematic because it means that young people's voices are less represented in government's policies and officials. To solve this issue, the researcher will be developing a "mini-lesson" that will be taught within the Palo Alto High School curriculum, educating students about civics... Read More